Unilateral Remedies to Cyber Operations

  title={Unilateral Remedies to Cyber Operations},
  author={Henning Lahmann},
3 Citations

Two explanations for the paucity of cyber-military, cross-domain operations

This article investigates why states have launched so few cross-domain operations—in this case, operations between cyber and military domains—when they have launched so many cyberattacks. I explore

State-sponsored cyber operations and international law: book review of Henning Lahmann, Unilateral Remedies to Cyber Operations (Cambridge University Press, 2020) and François Delerue, Cyber Operations and International Law (Cambridge University Press, 2020)

This is a review of two monographs on cyber operations and international law. Published in 2020, both books discuss state-sponsored cyber operations, legal frameworks with which they could be



The Lawful Use of Force by a State against Terrorists in Another Country

  • Political Science
    Israel Yearbook on Human Rights, Volume 19 (1989)
  • 1989

The Use of Force to Respond to Terrorist Attacks: The Bombing of Sudan and Afghanistan

On August 20, 1998, the United States fired Tomahawk missiles at sites in Afghanistan and Sudan. The missile strikes destroyed the El Shifa pharmaceutical plant located in Sudan's capital, Khartoum.

Counterintuiting Countermeasures

  • D. Bederman
  • Law
    American Journal of International Law
  • 2002
The adoption in August 2001 by the International Law Commission (ILC) of its articles on responsibility of states for internationally wrongful acts well and truly brings to a close the twentieth


Attribution by Indictment

The challenges of attributing malicious cyber activity—that is, identifying its authors and provenance with a sufficient degree of certainty—are well documented. This essay focuses on a phenomenon

The Attribution Problem and Cyber Armed Attacks

In late 2018, the U.S. Secretary of Homeland Security suggested that “cyber-attacks now exceed the risk of physical attacks,” yet the law has not kept pace with this reality and it is difficult to regulate this conduct.

The Bumpy Road to a Meaningful International Law of Cyber Attribution

  • W. Banks
  • Computer Science
    AJIL Unbound
  • 2019
This essay provides an overview of the attribution problem and its international legal dimensions and argues that states must develop accountable attribution mechanisms for international law to have practical value in this sphere.