Unified cosmological scale versus Planck scale: As above, so below!

  title={Unified cosmological scale versus Planck scale: As above, so below!},
  author={Espen Gaarder Haug},
  journal={Physics Essays},
  • E. Haug
  • Published 18 December 2022
  • Physics
  • Physics Essays
We will demonstrate that the mass (equivalent mass) of the observable universe divided by the universe radius is exactly identical to the Planck mass divided by the Planck length. This only holds true in the Haug universe model that takes into account Lorentz’s relativistic mass, while in the Friedmann model of the universe, the critical mass of the universe divided by the Hubble radius is exactly equal to m p /(2l p ). Furthermore, in a recently suggested quantum gravity model, the mass of… 

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  • Physics, Education
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