Unidirectional and Bidirectional Intimate Partner Violence Among White, Black, and Hispanic Couples in the United States

@article{Caetano2005UnidirectionalAB,
  title={Unidirectional and Bidirectional Intimate Partner Violence Among White, Black, and Hispanic Couples in the United States},
  author={Raul Caetano and Suhasini Ramisetty-Mikler and Craig A. Field},
  journal={Violence and Victims},
  year={2005},
  volume={20},
  pages={393 - 406}
}
This article describes the rates and risk factors of unidirectional and bidirectional intimate partner violence (IPV) among White, Black and Hispanic couples in the US. Subjects constitute a multistage area probability sample representative of married and cohabiting couples from the 48 contiguous United States. Results indicate that most couples reporting violence engage in bidirectional IPV. Blacks are more likely than Whites to report bidirectional IPV. In addition, severe unidirectional and… 

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