Unexpected improvement, decline, and stasis: a prediction confidence perspective on achievement success and failure.


The authors hypothesized that reactions to performance feedback depend on whether one's lay theory of intelligence is supported or violated. In Study 1, following improvement feedback, all participants generally exhibited positive affect, but entity theorists (who believe that intelligence is fixed) displayed more anxiety and more effort to restore… (More)

5 Figures and Tables


  • Presentations referencing similar topics