Unemployment as Conduit of Black Self-Hate

  title={Unemployment as Conduit of Black Self-Hate},
  author={Ronald E. Hall and Jesenia M. Pizarro},
  journal={Journal of Black Studies},
  pages={653 - 665}
Commensurate with unemployment as conduit of Black self-hate is Black male aggression directed at racial peers. Consumed by poverty and most importantly unemployment, Black males have internalized norms via legacy of the antebellum that embrace violence. Their ability to obtain gainful employment can serve as a powerful alternative to the pathologizing influence of self-hate and to approaches emphasizing homicide to the exclusion of others. To reverse the trends, successful Blacks must be… 

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