Understanding tinnitus distress: Introducing the concepts of moderators and mediators

@article{Andersson2008UnderstandingTD,
  title={Understanding tinnitus distress: Introducing the concepts of moderators and mediators},
  author={Gerhard Andersson and Vendela Zetterqvist Westin},
  journal={International Journal of Audiology},
  year={2008},
  volume={47},
  pages={S106 - S111}
}
We focus this theoretical paper on a neglected distinction in tinnitus research between moderators and mediators of tinnitus distress. A moderator variable is one that influences the strength of a relationship between two other variables. In the paper we propose that several variables might act as moderators of tinnitus distress. Degree of hearing loss, arousal, insomnia, characteristics of tinnitus, noise sensitivity, and a range of psychological factors such as personality and perceived… 
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