Understanding the relation of low income to HPA-axis functioning in preschool children: cumulative family risk and parenting as pathways to disruptions in cortisol.

@article{Zalewski2012UnderstandingTR,
  title={Understanding the relation of low income to HPA-axis functioning in preschool children: cumulative family risk and parenting as pathways to disruptions in cortisol.},
  author={Maureen Zalewski and Liliana J. Lengua and Cara J Kiff and Philip A. Fisher},
  journal={Child psychiatry and human development},
  year={2012},
  volume={43 6},
  pages={924-42}
}
This study examined the relation of low income and poverty to cortisol levels, and tested potential pathways from low income to disruptions in cortisol through cumulative family risk and parenting. The sample of 306 mothers and their preschool children included 29 % families at or near poverty, 27 % families below the median income, and the remaining families at middle and upper income. Lower income was related to lower morning cortisol levels, and cumulative risk predicted a flatter diurnal… CONTINUE READING

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