Understanding the long-term effects of species invasions.

  title={Understanding the long-term effects of species invasions.},
  author={David L. Strayer and Valerie T. Eviner and Jonathan M. Jeschke and Michael L Pace},
  journal={Trends in ecology & evolution},
  volume={21 11},
We describe here the ecological and evolutionary processes that modulate the effects of invasive species over time, and argue that such processes are so widespread and important that ecologists should adopt a long-term perspective on the effects of invasive species. These processes (including evolution, shifts in species composition, accumulation of materials and interactions with abiotic variables) can increase, decrease, or qualitatively change the impacts of an invader through time. However… CONTINUE READING
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