Understanding the functions of plant disease resistance proteins.

  title={Understanding the functions of plant disease resistance proteins.},
  author={Gregory B. Martin and Adam J. Bogdanove and Guido Sessa},
  journal={Annual review of plant biology},
Many disease resistance (R) proteins of plants detect the presence of disease-causing bacteria, viruses, or fungi by recognizing specific pathogen effector molecules that are produced during the infection process. Effectors are often pathogen proteins that probably evolved to subvert various host processes for promotion of the pathogen life cycle. Five classes of effector-specific R proteins are known, and their sequences suggest roles in both effector recognition and signal transduction… 

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