Understanding the effects of low salinity on fertilization success and early development in the sand dollar Echinarachnius parma.

@article{Allen2010UnderstandingTE,
  title={Understanding the effects of low salinity on fertilization success and early development in the sand dollar Echinarachnius parma.},
  author={Jonathan D. Allen and Jan a. Pechenik},
  journal={The Biological bulletin},
  year={2010},
  volume={218 2},
  pages={
          189-99
        }
}
Free-spawning marine invertebrates that live near shore or in estuaries may experience reduced fertilization success during low-salinity events. Although several studies have documented reproductive failure at reduced salinity in estuarine animals, few have looked at whether developmental failure is due to a failure of fertilization or to a failure of fertilized eggs to cleave. In this study, we examined the effects of salinities ranging from 18 to 32 psu on fertilization success and early… CONTINUE READING

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