Understanding the Vital Human Quest for Self-Esteem

@article{Greenberg2008UnderstandingTV,
  title={Understanding the Vital Human Quest for Self-Esteem},
  author={Jeff Greenberg},
  journal={Perspectives on Psychological Science},
  year={2008},
  volume={3},
  pages={48 - 55}
}
  • J. Greenberg
  • Published 2008
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Perspectives on Psychological Science
Authors have long noted the human penchant for self-esteem. Experimental research has revealed that this desire for self-esteem has wide-ranging effects on cognition, emotion, and behavior. Terror management theory explains that this desire for self-esteem results from a fundamental need for psychological security, which is engendered by humans' awareness of their own vulnerability and mortality. A large body of evidence has supported this explanation. Specifically, substantial lines of… Expand
Self-esteem and immortality: Evidence regarding the terror management hypothesis that high self-esteem is associated with a stronger sense of symbolic immortality
Abstract Terror Management Theory (Greenberg, Pyszczynski, & Solomon, 1986) defines self-esteem as the feeling that one is living up to the standards of their internalized cultural worldview and isExpand
Terror Management and Self-Enhancement: The Moderating Role of Self-Esteem and Need For Closure
Terror management theory posits that self-esteem ultimately protects people from death anxiety. Much research has demonstrated that individuals reminded of death tend to self-enhance. However, moreExpand
THE MORTALITY SALIENCE AND SELF–ESTEEM: AN EXPERIMENTAL STUDY
he Terror Management (Greenberg, Pyszczynski, & Solomon, 1986) and Emotional-Processing Mind (Longs, 2004) theoories suggest that the threat of death is the most fundamental and important source ofExpand
On the panculturality of self-enhancement and self-protection motivation: the case for the universality of self-esteem
Abstract Do self-enhancement/self-protection and self-esteem reflect fundamental human motivations or are they culturally bound occurrences? The debate on universalism versus cultural relativism ofExpand
Power and death: Mortality salience increases power seeking while feeling powerful reduces death anxiety.
TLDR
It was found that when primed to feel more powerful, both men and women experienced less mortality anxiety, and Studies 3-5 showed that feeling powerful reduces anxiety when mortality is salient. Expand
An Existential Perspective on the Need for Self-Esteem
It is a truth universally acknowledged that people want to feel good about themselves. This desire plays a fundamental role in our lives, affecting virtually everything we do. Sometimes even theExpand
Christian Self-Enhancement
TLDR
The self-centrality principle among Christians is resistant to normative pressure, universal, and rooted in human nature. Expand
Comparing Social Behaviour Across Culture and Nations: The ‘What’ and ‘Why’ Questions
How is the cultural construct of individualism-collectivism relate to self-esteem? This is a complex and challenging proposition. Self-esteem (i.e., a person’s global, evaluative view of his/herExpand
How Well do you Know Me: Culture and the Self 1 (Kultūra ir savimonė: ar gerai mus pažįstate?)
In a series of studies we investigated the validity of PASCI and explored the congruence in five geographical entities. The present study has been conducted with the aim to know the self-esteem ofExpand
Contingent Self-esteem in Chinese Early and Late Adolescents
Contingent self-esteem is the extent to which self-esteem is contingent upon outcomes and achievement (Kernis, 2002). It has been explored in Western settings extensively, however limited studiesExpand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 84 REFERENCES
Why do people need self-esteem? A theoretical and empirical review.
TLDR
Terror management theory (TMT) is compared with other explanations for why people need self-esteem, and a critique of the most prominent of these, sociometer theory, is provided. Expand
Measuring self-esteem in context: the importance of stability of self-esteem in psychological functioning.
  • M. Kernis
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Journal of personality
  • 2005
TLDR
This article reports on a research program that has focused on the joint roles of stability and level of self-esteem in various aspects of psychological functioning and results from a number of studies are presented and theoretical implications are discussed. Expand
The Causes and Consequences of a Need for Self-Esteem: A Terror Management Theory
Throughout the past few thousand years, historical accounts, philosophical treatises, and works of fiction and poetry have often depicted humans as having a need to perceive themselves as good, andExpand
Do people need self-esteem? Comment on Pyszczynski et al. (2004).
TLDR
There is a different paradigm for thinking about death, one in which awareness of one's mortality serves as a precious reminder of the limited time one has to accomplish one's most important goals. Expand
Why do people need self-esteem? Converging evidence that self-esteem serves an anxiety-buffering function.
TLDR
Converging evidence of an anxiety-buffering function of self-esteem was obtained and success and positive personality feedback reduced Ss' physiological arousal in response to subsequent threat of shock. Expand
Evidence for the DTA hypothesis II: Threatening self-esteem increases death-thought accessibility
Three studies assessed the impact of self-esteem threat on death-thought accessibility (DTA). Increased DTA resulted from three distinct types of self-esteem threat. Studies 1 and 2 employed negativeExpand
Being accepted for who we are: evidence that social validation of the intrinsic self reduces general defensiveness.
TLDR
Three studies examined the possibility that being liked intrinsically by others--for who one is--reduces self-esteem defense, whereas being liked for what one has achieved does not, and found similar reductions in defensiveness were not found when liking was based on achievements. Expand
Prejudice as self-image maintenance: Affirming the self through derogating others
The authors argue that self-image maintenance processes play an important role in stereotyping and prejudice. Three studies demonstrated that when individuals evaluated a member of a stereotypedExpand
Low Self-Esteem Is Related to Aggression, Antisocial Behavior, and Delinquency
TLDR
In three studies, a robust relation between low self-esteem and externalizing problems was found, and the effect ofSelf-esteem on aggression was independent of narcissism, an important finding given recent claims that individuals who are narcissistic, not low in self- esteem, are aggressive. Expand
Literal and symbolic immortality: the effect of evidence of literal immortality on self-esteem striving in response to mortality salience.
TLDR
Three studies investigated the effect of encouraging participants to believe in an afterlife on the relationship between mortality salience and self-esteem striving, which led to increased accuracy ratings of a positive personality description and increased striving for and defense of values among participants who read the essay arguing against an afterlife. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...