Understanding and assessing the motivations of volunteers: a functional approach.

@article{Clary1998UnderstandingAA,
  title={Understanding and assessing the motivations of volunteers: a functional approach.},
  author={E. Gil Clary and Mark Snyder and Robert D. Ridge and John T. Copeland and Arthur A. Stukas and Julie A. Haugen and Peter Miene},
  journal={Journal of personality and social psychology},
  year={1998},
  volume={74 6},
  pages={
          1516-30
        }
}
The authors applied functionalist theory to the question of the motivations underlying volunteerism, hypothesized 6 functions potentially served by volunteerism, and designed an instrument to assess these functions (Volunteer Functions Inventory; VFI). Exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses on diverse samples yielded factor solutions consistent with functionalist theorizing; each VFI motivation, loaded on a single factor, possessed substantial internal consistency and temporal stability… 

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