Understanding and Assessing Nonverbal Expressiveness: The Affective Communication Test.

@article{Friedman1980UnderstandingAA,
  title={Understanding and Assessing Nonverbal Expressiveness: The Affective Communication Test.},
  author={Howard S. Friedman and Louise M. Prince and Ronald E. Riggio and Maryanne R. Dimatteo},
  journal={Journal of Personality and Social Psychology},
  year={1980},
  volume={39},
  pages={333-351}
}
The concept of nonverbal emotional expressiveness was explored through the development of a 13-item self-report Affective Communication Test (ACT). Studies reported here show the ACT to be a reliable and valid measure of individual differences in expressiveness or what is sometimes called "charisma." In the course of the validation, expressiveness was shown to be a likely element of social influence in face-to-face interaction, a logical extension of past approaches to a basic element of… 

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