Understanding Scientific Theories: An Assessment of Developments, 1969-1998

  title={Understanding Scientific Theories: An Assessment of Developments, 1969-1998},
  author={Frederick Suppe},
  journal={Philosophy of Science},
  pages={S102 - S115}
  • F. Suppe
  • Published 1 September 2000
  • Business
  • Philosophy of Science
The positivistic Received View construed scientific theories syntactically as axiomatic calculi where theoretical terms were given a partial semantic interpretation via correspondence rules connecting them to observation statements. This paper assesses what, with hindsight, seem the most important defects in the Received View; surveys the main proposed successor analyses to the Received View--various Semantic Conception versions and the Structuralist Analysis; evaluates how well they avoid… 
A Finite Memory Argument for an Axiomatic Conception of Scientific Theories
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To Save the Semantic View: An Argument for Returning to Suppes' Interpretation
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If research in science education is aimed at investigating and fostering modeling competence in science classes, there emerges an unavoidable pre-requisite: ascertaining which view(s) on models – of
On a Straw Man in the Philosophy of Science: A Defense of the Received View
  • Sebastian Lutz
  • Philosophy
    HOPOS: The Journal of the International Society for the History of Philosophy of Science
  • 2012
The Received View on scientific theories as developed by Carnap, Hempel, and Feigl is now generally considered to have failed for a variety of reasons, bringing down a number of dependent
How Can Theories Represent Social Phenomena?
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  • Philosophy
    Sociological Theory
  • 2022
Discussions in sociological theory often focus on ontological questions on the nature of social reality. Against the underlying epistemological realism, I argue for a constructivist notion of theory:
What’s Right with a Syntactic Approach to Theories and Models?
It is argued that syntactic and semantic approaches fare equally well when it comes to ease of application, accommodating the use of models in the sciences, and capturing the theory-observation relation.
Modular Semantics for Theories: An Approach to Paraconsistent Reasoning
This paper aims to show that it can analyse the inferential use of scientific theories in terms of consistent compositions of the applications of universal axioms, represented by a preferred models semantics, which allows us to accept the instances of universalAxioms selectively.
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The Importance of Models in Theorizing: A Deflationary Semantic View
  • S. Downes
  • Computer Science
    PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association
  • 1992
A deflationary semantic view is proposed, which is simply that model construction is an important component of theorizing in science and is consistent with a naturalized approach to the philosophy of science.
On the traditional, “syntactic” conception, a scientific theory is a (preferably axiomatized) collection of statements. On the version of the opposing “semantic” conception advanced by Beatty and
Explanatory unification and the causal structure of the world
The modern study of scientific explanation dates from 1948, the year of the publication of the pioneering article by C. G. Hempel and Paul Oppenheim. Nearly forty years later, philosophers rightly
Meaning Relations and Modalities
The aim of this paper is to present a certain philosophical perspective on the basic concepts of modal logic. The essentials of our approach, both philosophical and formal, are found in a previous
The semantic conception of theories and scientific realism
Frederick Suppe has come to enjoy a position of undisputed leadership in the post-positivistic philosophy of science. Students of the field will therefore welcome publication of the present account
Meaning Relations among Predicates
The point of departure of this paper is a traditional distinction between two kinds of meaning relations, which we shall call relations of content and relations of intent. The subject of relations of
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A basic aim of E. Beth's work in philosophy of science was to explore the use of formal semantic methods in the analysis of physical theories. We hope to show that a general framework for Beth's
Prediction and Theory Evaluation: The Case of Light Bending
Historical cases suggest that novelty may be of little importance in evaluating theories, and may even detract from the evidential value of a fact, until it is clear that competing theories cannot account for the new fact.
Models of Data
To provide complete mathematical flexibility, I shall speak of theories axiomatized within general set theory by defining an appropriate set-theoretical predicate (e.g., ‘is a group’) rather than of theoriesAxiomatization directly within first-order logic as a formal language.
Logical necessity, physical necessity, ethics, and quantifiers
Simple model‐theoretic considerations lead to a reconciliation of quantifiers with such modal concepts as logical, physical, and ethical necessity, and suggest a general class of modalities of which these are instances.