Understanding Impulsive Aggression: Angry Rumination and Reduced Self-Control Capacity Are Mechanisms Underlying the Provocation-Aggression Relationship

@article{Denson2011UnderstandingIA,
  title={Understanding Impulsive Aggression: Angry Rumination and Reduced Self-Control Capacity Are Mechanisms Underlying the Provocation-Aggression Relationship},
  author={Thomas F. Denson and William C. Pedersen and Malte Friese and Aryun Hahm and Lynette Roberts},
  journal={Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin},
  year={2011},
  volume={37},
  pages={850 - 862}
}
Interpersonal provocation is a common and robust antecedent to aggression. Four studies identified angry rumination and reduced self-control as mechanisms underlying the provocation—aggression relationship. Following provocation, participants demonstrated decreased self-control on an unpleasant task relative to a control condition (Study 1). When provoked, rumination reduced self-control and increased aggression. This effect was mediated by reduced self-control capacity (Study 2). State… 

Figures and Tables from this paper

Longitudinal effect of self-control on reactive-proactive aggression: Mediating roles of hostile rumination and moral disengagement.

Self-control is a well-known inhibitor of aggression, but the effect of self-control on different kinds of aggression (such as reactive-proactive aggression) and the underlying mediating mechanisms

Angry Rumination Mediates the Unique Associations Between Self-Compassion and Anger and Aggression

Mindfulness is known to decrease anger and aggression. Self-compassion is a related and relatively new construct that may predict other clinical outcomes more strongly than does mindfulness. Little

Self-Control and Aggression

Psychological science has largely neglected the role of self-control in studying aggression. Fortunately, the past half decade has witnessed a surge of research on this long-neglected topic,

The impact of angry rumination on anger-primed cognitive control.

The Multiple Systems Model of Angry Rumination

  • T. Denson
  • Psychology
    Personality and social psychology review : an official journal of the Society for Personality and Social Psychology, Inc
  • 2013
A functional account of angry rumination is suggested, gaps in knowledge are identified, and future research directions based on hypotheses derived from the model are proposed.

Why Do People With Self-Control Forgive Others Easily? The Role of Rumination and Anger

It is suggested that self-control may impair individuals’ rumination, and less rumination may restrain anger and consequently increase forgiveness.

Trait Hostility and Aggression: The Mediating Effect of Anger Rumination

Purpose: Aggression has widespread negative impacts on individuals and society. Thus, it is important to explore the factors that influence aggression to resist it. Trait hostility and anger

Individual differences in anger and displaced aggression: The role of metacognitive beliefs and anger rumination.

The associations of metacognitive beliefs with anger levels and displaced aggression was fully mediated by anger rumination in both samples, suggesting that metac cognitive beliefs should be considered in comprehensive models and in the therapy of anger problems and aggression.
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 63 REFERENCES

The impact of rumination on aggressive thoughts, feelings, arousal, and behaviour.

It is suggested that provocation-focused rumination influences angry affect, aggressive action cognition, and cardiovascular arousal, whereas self- focused rumination increases self-critical negative affect, angry affect and arousal cognition.

Experimental effects of rumination styles on salivary cortisol responses

Emerging research suggests that rumination increases risk for negative health outcomes. In the first experiment to investigate cortisol responses during angry rumination, participants were provoked

Self-regulatory processes defend against the threat of death: Effects of self-control depletion and trait self-control on thoughts and fears of dying.

The results suggest that self-regulation is a key intrapsychic mechanism for alleviating troublesome thoughts and feelings about mortality.

Ego depletion and aggressive behavior: Is the inhibition of aggression a limited resource?

If self-regulation is a limited resource, the capacity to inhibit aggressive behavior should be lower among people who have already exercised self-regulation. In Experiment 1, participants who had to

Chewing on it can chew you up: effects of rumination on triggered displaced aggression.

All 3 studies suggest that ruminating about a provocation increases the likelihood that a minor triggering annoyance will increase displaced aggression.

The displaced aggression questionnaire.

An original self-report measure of trait displaced aggression demonstrated good internal consistency and test-retest reliability as well as convergent and discriminant construct validity and predicted indirect indicators of real-world displaced aggression.
...