Understanding Heritability: What it is and What it is Not

@article{Johnson2011UnderstandingHW,
  title={Understanding Heritability: What it is and What it is Not},
  author={W. Brad Johnson and Lars Penke and Frank M. Spinath},
  journal={European Journal of Personality},
  year={2011},
  volume={25},
  pages={287 - 294}
}
Commentators generally found our exposition of the concept of heritability helpful for psychologists, suggesting that we largely accomplished our primary goal. Many provided supplemental and helpful perspectives on concepts we addressed. A few of the comments indicated that we may not have been completely successful in making clear our secondary goal, which was to outline how heritability estimates confound a plethora of influences. In this response, we thus emphasize that we do not claim that… 
The Status-Achievement Process: Insights from Genetics
The mainstream status achievement model of sociology and economics views individual careers as sequences of causally linked status-related traits and outcomes such as ability, educational attainment,
Genetic Variation, Heritability, Principal Component Analysis, Correlation and Path Coefficient Analysis in the Fruit Samples of Sechium edule (Jacq.) Sw. Genotypes
Article Info Abstract: Genetic diversity, heritability, the genetic advance of yield, and associated traits are some important criteria to generate some basic information related to the genetic
SHARED EVENTS HAVE EFFECTIVELY NONSHARED EFFECTS ? ASSOCIATIONS BETWEEN DIFFERENTIAL PERCEPTIONS OF MARITAL CONFLICT AND CHILD EXTERNALIZING BEHAVIOR By
CAN OBJECTIVELY SHARED EVENTS HAVE EFFECTIVELY NONSHARED EFFECTS? ASSOCIATIONS BETWEEN DIFFERENTIAL PERCEPTIONS OF MARITAL CONFLICT AND CHILD EXTERNALIZING BEHAVIOR By Caitlin J. Listro Behavioral
Heritability and its Use in Animal Breeding
TLDR
Heritability and its Use in Animal Breeding and its use in animal Breeding is supported by a literature review and meta-analyses that show clear trends in both heritability and use in breeding practices.

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 157 REFERENCES
Reliability and replicability of genetic association studies.
TLDR
There is increasing concern that a substantial proportion of published findings, particularly in ‘hot’ areas or where there is considerable scope for multiple testing, may in fact be false, and only publishing data which meet the most stringent criteria for study quality are published, in order to avoid potentially flooding the literature with false positive results.
Heritability in the Era of Molecular Genetics: Some Thoughts for Understanding Genetic Influences on Behavioural Traits
TLDR
It is concluded that quantitative genetics and genetically informative research designs are still critical to understanding the roles of gene–environment interplay in developmental processes, though not necessarily in the ways commonly discussed.
A Commentary on ‘Common SNPs Explain a Large Proportion of the Heritability for Human Height’ by Yang et al. (2010)
TLDR
A number of additional results that show that the estimates of additive genetic variation are not driven by population structure are reported, in the form of comments and questions and answers.
Heritability in the genomics era — concepts and misconceptions
TLDR
This work has shown that despite continuous misunderstandings and controversies over its use and application, heritability remains key to the response to selection in evolutionary biology and agriculture, and to the prediction of disease risk in medicine.
Replication and heterogeneity in gene x environment interaction studies.
  • M. Munafo, J. Flint
  • Psychology, Biology
    The international journal of neuropsychopharmacology
  • 2009
TLDR
Evidence that individuals homozygous for the L allele of the 5-HTTLPR displayed higher rates of depressive or anxiety disorders when exposed to environmental adversity is reported, contrary to the original report in which possession of the S allele increased susceptibility to depression under stressful conditions.
Data and Theory Point to Mainly Additive Genetic Variance for Complex Traits
TLDR
It is concluded that interactions at thelevel of genes are not likely to generate much interaction at the level of variance, and that additive variance typically accounts for over half, and often close to 100%, of the total genetic variance.
Inferring the direction of causation in cross‐sectional twin data: Theoretical and empirical considerations
TLDR
A recent multivariate extension of the classical twin study in theory allows the inference of the direction of causation between correlated traits solely using cross‐sectional data, but it is concluded that the method has a number of biases and limitations.
The Origins of Extraversion: Joint Effects of Facultative Calibration and Genetic Polymorphism
TLDR
These novel findings initially support an integrative model wherein facultative calibration and specific genetic polymorphisms operate in concert to determine personality variation.
Sources of structure: genetic, environmental, and artifactual influences on the covariation of personality traits.
TLDR
The hypothesized five-factor structure was found in both the phenotypic and genetic/familial covariances, and the value of behavior genetic analyses for research on the underlying causes of personality traits is reaffirmed.
...
...