Understanding European Unemployment with a Representative Family Model

Abstract

A representative family model with indivisible labor and employment lotteries has no labor market frictions and complete markets. Nevertheless, its aggregate responses to an increase in government supplied unemployment insurance (UI) and to an increase in microeconomic turbulence are qualitatively similar to those in two macro models with labor market frictions and incomplete markets, namely, the matching and search-island models in Ljungqvist and Sargent (2007c). Because there is no frictional unemployment in the representative family model, an increase in employment protection (EP) decreases aggregate work because the representative family substitutes leisure for work, an effect opposite to what occurs in matching and search-island models. Heterogeneity among workers highlights the economy-wide coordination in labor supply and consumption sharing that employment lotteries and complete markets achieve in the representative family model. A high disutility of labor makes generous UI cause very low employment levels.

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Cite this paper

@inproceedings{Ljungqvist2007UnderstandingEU, title={Understanding European Unemployment with a Representative Family Model}, author={Lars Ljungqvist and Thomas J. Sargent and M. De Nardi and Wouter DenHaan and David Domeij and Jesus Fernandez-Villaverde and Timothy J. Kehoe and Robert G. King and Narayana Kocherlakota and Dirk Krueger and Lisa Lynch and Edward C. Prescott and Richard Rogerson and François Velde}, year={2007} }