Understanding Clinical Anger and Violence

  title={Understanding Clinical Anger and Violence},
  author={Frank L. Gardner and Zella E. Moore},
  journal={Behavior Modification},
  pages={897 - 912}
Although anger is a primary emotion and holds clear functional necessities, the presence of anger and its behavioral manifestations of aggression/violence can have serious emotional, health, and social consequences. Despite such consequences, the construct of clinical anger has to date suffered from few theoretical and treatment advancements and has received insufficient research attention. Thus, the purpose of this article is to introduce the Anger Avoidance Model, which is a new… Expand
Current Status of the Anger Avoidance Model: Recent Empirical Findings and Treatment Considerations
The Anger Avoidance Model (AAM), a contemporary theoretical model for understanding the relationship between anger and violence, was presented first in 2008, and since, empirical research has beenExpand
Choices: Anger and Anger Management in Rehabilitative Care
The purpose of this article is to discuss anger and describe anger management strategies based on behavioral interventions grounded in Choice Theory to reduce the potential for angry emotions to escalate to the point of aggressive and violent acts that threaten caregivers and clients safety. Expand
Assessing Anger, Aggression, and Violence
Anger, aggression, and violence are commonly observed in clinical settings. Although these responses may be the primary reason for referral in forensic assessment and anger management treatment,Expand
A review of anger, hostility, and aggression from an ACT perspective
Abstract A growing body of literature has begun to examine anger, hostility, and aggression using the psychological flexibility model among both youth and adults. This manuscript provides the firstExpand
Animal abuse as an outcome of poor emotion regulation: A preliminary conceptualization
Abstract Animal abuse is an under-reported yet prevalent form of both passive and active forms of aggressive behavior. Its severe and upsetting consequences are not only experienced by the victimsExpand
How Does Your Anger Bubble Up? An Intervention for Anger, Grief and Loss, and Relapse Prevention
The popularity of the term anger management and its presence in media culture has influenced the mental health field, though research on interventions primarily focuses on cognitive behavioralExpand
Dispositional anger and experiential avoidance in veterans with PTSD
Background: Anger is often indirectly addressed in posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) treatment despite reports that traumafocussed therapy may not be sufficient in improving anger responses1.Expand
Acceptance and Commitment Therapy for Anger Dysregulation with Military Veterans: A Pilot Study
Anger dysregulation is a commonly reported problem by treatment-seeking military veterans that is associated with a range of negative outcomes. However, there is a paucity of studies examiningExpand
Adult attachment, anger regulation and aggression: individual differences in the experience and expression of anger
Attachment theory has increasingly been applied to the understanding of individual differences in emotion regulation, however application of the attachment framework to anger is underspecified. TheExpand
Emotion regulation and aggression
Abstract This review considers the impact of deliberate emotion regulation on aggression, by integrating findings from recent emotion regulation research with a contemporary model of aggressiveExpand


Anger experience and expression in social anxiety disorder: Pretreatment profile and predictors of attrition and response to cognitive-behavioral treatment
The present study examined social anxiety, anger, and depression among 234 persons with social anxiety disorder and 36 nonanxious controls. In addition to greater social anxiety, persons with socialExpand
Anger disorders: basic science and practice issues.
His reference list spans 75 years, suggesting stability of the anger experience as well as the everyday frequency of anger, it is no surprise that anger is a common reason that leads people to seek professional help. Expand
High general anger: correlates and treatment.
Results were discussed in terms of the characteristics of high anger S s, the role of general anxiety in general anger and the usefulness of self-control relaxation approaches for anger reduction. Expand
Relationship between scores on anger measures and PTSD symptomatology, employment, and compensation-seeking status in combat veterans.
Clinicians are advised to be aware of the potential implications for physical health and interpersonal functioning, and to incorporate anger management strategies into treatment plans for combat veterans with PTSD. Expand
Anger attacks in depression
Depressed patients with anger attacks are significantly more anxious and hostile and they are more likely to meet criteria for avoidant, dependent, borderline, narcissistic, and antisocial personality disorders than depressed patients without anger attacks. Expand
Effectiveness of anger treatments for specific anger problems: a meta-analytic review.
Analysis of the effects of anger treatment on various aspects of anger with 65% of studies not previously reviewed shows support the implementation of cognitive therapies for driving anger, anger suppression, and trait anger. Expand
Toward a unified treatment for emotional disorders
Over 40 years of development of cognitive behavioral approaches to treating anxiety and related emotional disorders have left us with highly efficacious treatments that are increasingly widelyExpand
Overt anger in response to victimization: attributional style and organizational norms as moderators.
The results showed that the relation between perceptions of direct victimization and overt anger was stronger when the employee had a more rather than less hostile attributional style and when theemployee perceived the organizational norms as morerather than less oppositional. Expand
Emotional processing, with special reference to post-traumatic stress disorder
The concept of emotional processing is revised and updated and then applied to post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). The main extension of the model is the introduction of cognitive influences onExpand
Do people aggress to improve their mood? Catharsis beliefs, affect regulation opportunity, and aggressive responding.
The results suggest that many people may engage in aggression to regulate (improve) their own affective states. Expand