Understanding (and Acting On) 20 Years of Research on Violence and LGBTQ + Communities

  title={Understanding (and Acting On) 20 Years of Research on Violence and LGBTQ + Communities},
  author={Tasseli E. McKay and Christine Lindquist and Shilpi Misra},
  journal={Trauma, Violence, \& Abuse},
  pages={665 - 678}
Questions related to violence, vulnerability, and sexual and gender minorities continuing to occupy a focal place in U.S. public discourse. We reviewed findings from 20 years of research on that topic to make recommendations for policy, practice, and future research. This article synthesizes findings from 102 peer-reviewed articles as well as a small number of unpublished studies and grey literature. We found no data to support the idea (widespread in popular discourse) that those in the sexual… 

Tables from this paper

Prevalence of Intimate Partner Violence in LGBTQ Individuals: An Intersectional Approach

Research on intimate partner violence (IPV) as a public and social health issue is extensive. Originally, it focused primarily on young, White, heterosexual cisgender women and was embedded within a

Out and in Harm’s Way: Sexual Minority Students’ Psychological and Physical Health after Institutional Betrayal and Sexual Assault

Findings reinforce the need for institutional reforms related to the climate and reporting of sexual violence on college campuses, and identify sexual minority students as a population of particular risk for additional harm by their institutions when they need them most.

An Inherently Masculine Practice: Understanding the Sexual Victimization of Queer Women

It is found that sexual violence against queer women is an especially powerful way to enact masculinity through drawing upon misogyny and homophobia simultaneously, providing an explanation for the high rates of sexual victimization among queer women.

Experiences of gender-based violence among female sex workers, men who have sex with men, and transgender women in Latin America and the Caribbean: a qualitative study to inform HIV programming

This study found that across the four study countries, FSWs, MSM, and transgender women experienced GBV from state and non-state actors throughout their lives, and much of this violence was directly connected to rigid and harmful gender norms.

Is There Such a Thing as a Hate Crime Paradigm? An Integrative Review of Bias-Motivated Violent Victimization and Offending, Its Effects and Underlying Mechanisms

The evidence suggests that although bias-motivated violence shares characteristics with other types of offensive behavior, it is actually a unique phenomenon due to its background rooted in prejudice, identity, and attitudes in which the intersection of individual, psychosocial, and ecological factors is especially relevant.

The Effects of Polyvictimization on Mental and Physical Health Outcomes in an LGBTQ Sample.

The present findings suggest that polyvictimization is an important risk factor for poor health among LGBTQ individuals and has implications for addressing health disparities among the broader LGBTQ community.

“Here in the Bible Belt, It’s Predominantly Negative”: Sexual Identity Stigma in the American South, 50 Years After Stonewall

Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and pansexual (LGB+) individuals have disproportionate rates of mental illness. Minority stress and sexual identity stigma are posited as the primary social determinants of

Suicidal Ideation and Suicide Attempts Among Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Pansexual, Queer, and Asexual Youth: Differential Impacts of Sexual Orientation, Verbal, Physical, or Sexual Harassment or Assault, Conversion Practices, Family or Household Religiosity, and School Experience.

High levels of suicidal ideation and suicide attempts among young LGBQA+ people in Australia highlight a need for the ongoing inclusion of LGBZA+ youth as a priority population for suicide prevention, and can be used to inform the provision of tailored support services.

Harm from Others' Drinking Among Sexual Minority Adults in the United States.

Findings underscore the importance of preventive interventions that consider disparities in risk for alcohol-related harms, particularly interpersonal violence, among sexual minority adults in the United States.

Intimate Partner Violence Victimization and Mental Health Among Men Who Have Sex With Men Living With HIV in Guatemala

Those participants who had experienced lifetime IPV and recent emotional IPV were significantly more likely to screen for anxiety and depression, and HIV clinics and other health services should provide support for MSM who have experienced IPV victimization.



An Exploratory Study of Teen Dating Violence in Sexual Minority Youth

Objective: Teen dating violence (TDV) represents a serious social problem in adolescence and is associated with a host of physical and emotional consequences. Despite advances in identification of

Dating Violence Experiences of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Youth

Transgender and female youth are at highest risk of most types of victimization, and are the most likely perpetrators of all forms of dating violence but sexual coercion, which begs further exploration.

Marking 35 Years of Research on Same-Sex Intimate Partner Violence: Lessons and New Directions

In 35 years of scholarship, a great deal of valuable information has come to light about same-sex intimate partner violence (SSIPV). The literature reveals many similarities between SSIPV and

Vulnerable Bullies: Perpetration of Peer Harassment Among Youths Across Sexual Orientation, Weight, and Disability Status.

Vulnerable youths, who are prone to peer harassment, may also act as perpetrators of bullying and prevention strategies should address the particular needs of these populations; targeted programming may be appropriate.

Disparities in child abuse victimization in lesbian, bisexual, and heterosexual women in the Nurses' Health Study II.

Evidence of elevated frequency, severity, and persistence of abuse experienced by lesbian and bisexual women in childhood and adolescence is shown.

A Longitudinal Study of IPV Victimization Among Sexual Minority Youth

Results from multilevel models indicated high, stable rates of IPV victimization across this developmental period (ages 16-25 years) that differed between demographic groups and within-person analyses indicated that odds of physical IPV were higher at times when youth reported more sexual partners, more marijuana use, and lower social support.

Sexual Victimization and Subsequent Police Reporting by Gender Identity Among Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, and Queer Adults

Findings indicate transgender individuals report having experienced sexual assault/rape more than twice as frequently as cisgender LGBQ individuals, and no statistically significant difference in reporting sexual violence to police is found.

Disclosure of Same-Sex Intimate Partner Violence to Police among Lesbians, Gays, and Bisexuals

Among the many crimes that go unreported to the police, intimate partner violence (IPV) is one of the least reported by victims. While some research has addressed various factors that influence

Invisible Victims: Same-Sex IPV in the National Violence Against Women Survey

Logistic regressions indicate that, independent of sex, respondents with a history of same-sex relationships are more likely to experience verbal, controlling, physical, and sexual IPV.

Partner violence against heterosexual and gay men: Prevalence and correlates