Under what conditions does theory obstruct research progress?

@article{Greenwald1986UnderWC,
  title={Under what conditions does theory obstruct research progress?},
  author={Anthony G Greenwald and Anthony Pratkanis and Michael R. Leippe and Michael H. Baumgardner},
  journal={Psychological review},
  year={1986},
  volume={93 2},
  pages={
          216-29
        }
}
Researchers display confirmation bias when they persevere by revising procedures until obtaining a theory-predicted result. This strategy produces findings that are overgeneralized in avoidable ways, and this in turn hinders successful applications. (The 40-year history of an attitude-change phenomenon, the sleeper effect, stands as a case in point.) Confirmation bias is an expectable product of theorycentered research strategies, including both the puzzle-solving activity of T. S. Kuhn's… Expand
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