Under what conditions does theory obstruct research progress?

@article{Greenwald1986UnderWC,
  title={Under what conditions does theory obstruct research progress?},
  author={Anthony G Greenwald and A R Pratkanis and Michael R Leippe and M H Baumgardner},
  journal={Psychological review},
  year={1986},
  volume={93 2},
  pages={216-29}
}
Researchers display confirmation bias when they persevere by revising procedures until obtaining a theory-predicted result. This strategy produces findings that are overgeneralized in avoidable ways, and this in turn hinders successful applications. (The 40-year history of an attitude-change phenomenon, the sleeper effect, stands as a case in point.) Confirmation bias is an expectable product of theorycentered research strategies, including both the puzzle-solving activity of T. S. Kuhn's… CONTINUE READING

From This Paper

Figures, tables, and topics from this paper.

Citations

Publications citing this paper.
Showing 1-10 of 103 extracted citations

References

Publications referenced by this paper.
Showing 1-10 of 110 references

The discounting cue hypothesis and the sleeper effect

  • T. D. Cook
  • Unpublished manuscript, Northwestern University.
  • 1971
Highly Influential
7 Excerpts

Dissonance theory: Progress and problems

  • E. Aronson
  • R. P. Abelson et al. (Eds.), Theories of…
  • 1968
Highly Influential
5 Excerpts

Science's social system of validity-enhancing collective belief change and the problems of the social sciences

  • D. T. Campbell
  • D. W. Fiske & R. A. Shweder (Eds.), Pluralisms…
  • 1986
2 Excerpts

Attitudes and attitude change

  • W. J. McGuire
  • G. Lindzey & E. Aronson (Eds.), Handbook of…
  • 1985
1 Excerpt

Surely you're joking, Mr

  • R. P. Feynman
  • Feynman. New York: Norton.
  • 1985
1 Excerpt

Attitudes and memory: The heuristic and schematic functions of attitudes

  • A. R. Pratkanis
  • Unpublished doctoral dissertation, Ohio State…
  • 1984
1 Excerpt

The 1954 Social Science Statement and school desegregation: A reply to Gerard

  • S. W. Cook
  • American Psychologist, 39, 819-832.
  • 1984
1 Excerpt

Similar Papers

Loading similar papers…