Under the tip of the iceberg: psychological factors in incontinence.

  title={Under the tip of the iceberg: psychological factors in incontinence.},
  author={Beatriz Molinuevo and Jos{\'e} Emilio Batista-Miranda},
  journal={Neurourology and urodynamics},
  volume={31 5},
AIMS To highlight two main psychological factors (cognitive barriers and safety-behaviors) involved in the development and maintenance of emotional distress in patients with urinary incontinence (UI) and thus facilitate a better understanding of this condition and contribute to a more comprehensive treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS Articles and books were reviewed up to December 2010 using a non-systematic research in MEDLINE and PsycINFO, focusing on the situations more frequently seen in our… CONTINUE READING