Uncovering the effects of smoking: historical perspective

@article{Doll1998UncoveringTE,
  title={Uncovering the effects of smoking: historical perspective},
  author={Richard Doll},
  journal={Statistical Methods in Medical Research},
  year={1998},
  volume={7},
  pages={117 - 87}
}
  • R. Doll
  • Published 1 April 1998
  • Medicine
  • Statistical Methods in Medical Research
Tobacco was introduced into Europe from America at the end of the fifteenth century. At first used primarily for medicinal purposes it came to be burnt in pipes for pleasure on a large scale nearly 100 years later, at first in England and subsequently in Europe and throughout the world. Pipe smoking gave way to the use of tobacco as snuff and, in turn, to cigars and cigarettes at different times in different countries until cigarette smoking became the dominant form in most of the developed… 
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This is the first study using the life cycle approach to examine the effect of smoking not just on one but on all major sources of cost, and takes into account the mortality risk not only for smokers and former smokers, but also for nonsmoking smokers and nonsmokers former smokers.
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