Uncoupling of interleukin-6 from its signalling pathway by dietary n-3-polyunsaturated fatty acid deprivation alters sickness behaviour in mice.

Abstract

Sickness behaviour is an adaptive behavioural response to the activation of the innate immune system. It is mediated by brain cytokine production and action, especially interleukin-6 (IL-6). Polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) are essential fatty acids that are highly incorporated in brain cell membranes and display immunomodulating properties. We hypothesized that a decrease in n-3 (also known as omega3) PUFA brain level by dietary means impacts on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced IL-6 production and sickness behaviour. Our results show that mice exposed throughout life to a diet containing n-3 PUFA (n-3/n-6 diet) display a decrease in social interaction that does not occur in mice submitted to a diet devoid of n-3 PUFA (n-6 diet). LPS induced high IL-6 plasma levels as well as expression of IL-6 mRNA in the hippocampus and cFos mRNA in the brainstem of mice fed either diet, indicating intact immune-to-brain communication. However, STAT3 and STAT1 activation, a hallmark of the IL-6 signalling pathway, was lower in the hippocampus of LPS-treated n-6 mice than n-3/n-6 mice. In addition, LPS did not reduce social interaction in IL-6-knockout (IL-6-KO) mice and failed to induce STAT3 activation in the brain of IL-6-KO mice. Altogether, these findings point to alteration in brain STAT3 as a key mechanism for the lack of effect of LPS on social interaction in mice fed with the n-6 PUFA diet. The relative deficiency of Western diets in n-3 PUFA could impact on behavioural aspects of the host response to infection.

DOI: 10.1111/j.1460-9568.2008.06470.x
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@article{Mingam2008UncouplingOI, title={Uncoupling of interleukin-6 from its signalling pathway by dietary n-3-polyunsaturated fatty acid deprivation alters sickness behaviour in mice.}, author={Rozenn Mingam and Aur{\'e}lie Moranis and R. -M. Bluthe and V{\'e}ronique De Smedt-Peyrusse and Keith W. Kelley and Philippe Guesnet and Monique Lavialle and Robert Dantzer and Sophie Lay{\'e}}, journal={The European journal of neuroscience}, year={2008}, volume={28 9}, pages={1877-86} }