Unconscious cerebral initiative and the role of conscious will in voluntary action

  title={Unconscious cerebral initiative and the role of conscious will in voluntary action},
  author={Benjamin Libet},
Voluntary acts are preceded by electrophysiological "readiness potentials" (RPs). With spontaneous acts involving no preplanning, the main negative RP shift begins at about -550 ms. Such RP's were used to indicate the minimum onset times for the cerebral activity that precedes a fully endogenous voluntary act. The time of conscious intention to act was obtained from the subject's recall of the spatial clock position of a revolving spot at the time of his initial awareness of intending or… CONTINUE READING
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