Unconscious Influences of Memory for a Prior Event

  title={Unconscious Influences of Memory for a Prior Event},
  author={L. Jacoby and Clarence M. Kelley},
  journal={Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin},
  pages={314 - 336}
  • L. Jacoby, Clarence M. Kelley
  • Published 1987
  • Psychology
  • Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin
  • We interpret the difference between aware and unaware forms of memory in terms of Polanyi's distinction between tool and object. Aware memory, such as recognition and recall, occurs when memory serves as an object of attention. Unaware memory occurs when memory serves as a tool to accomplish a present task. Both memory-as-tool and memory-as-object can rely on memory for specific prior experiences. Memory used as a tool is a pervasive form of unconscious influence. We present experiments in… CONTINUE READING
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