Uncertainties in the smoke source term for ‘nuclear winter’ studies

  title={Uncertainties in the smoke source term for ‘nuclear winter’ studies},
  author={Joyce E. Penner},
  • J. Penner
  • Published 1 November 1986
  • Environmental Science
  • Nature
Climate models have shown that the effects on climate of a major nuclear exchange depend on the quantity and optical properties of the smoke that is dispersed into a global atmosphere. Published estimates for each of the factors necessary to determine the smoke optical depth yeild a wide range of values, which allows the prediction of either comparatively minor effects on climate or massive effects. 
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