Uncertainties in Microwave Properties of Frozen Precipitation: Implications for Remote Sensing and Data Assimilation

  title={Uncertainties in Microwave Properties of Frozen Precipitation: Implications for Remote Sensing and Data Assimilation},
  author={Mark S. Kulie and Ralf Bennartz and Thomas J. Greenwald and Yong Chen and F. Weng},
  journal={Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences},
A combined active/passive modeling system that converts CloudSat observations to simulated microwave brightness temperatures (TB) is used to assess different ice particle models under precipitating conditions. Simulationresultsindicatethatcertainicemodels(e.g.,low-densityspheres)produceexcessivescatteringand implausibly low simulated TBs for stratiform precipitation events owing to excessive derived ice water paths (IWPs), while other ice models produce unphysical TB depressions due to the… 

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