Un-ionized Ammonia Exposure in Nile Tilapia : Toxicity , Stress Response , and Susceptibility to Streptococcus agalactiae

@inproceedings{Evans2017UnionizedAE,
  title={Un-ionized Ammonia Exposure in Nile Tilapia : Toxicity , Stress Response , and Susceptibility to Streptococcus agalactiae},
  author={Joyce J. Evans and David J. Pasnik and GREGG C. BRILL and Phillip H. Klesius},
  year={2017}
}
—A series of experiments were conducted to determine the toxicity, behavior, blood glucose stress response, and disease susceptibility in Nile tilapia Oreochromis niloticus following un-ionized ammonia (UIA) exposure. The acute toxicity of un-ionized ammonia to Nile tilapia was measured in a 96-h static test. The median lethal concentration (LC50) was 1.46 mg/L UIA at 24 and 48 h postexposure, 1.33 mg/ L at 72 h postexposure, and 0.98 mg/L at 96 h postexposure. No mortalities were noted in… CONTINUE READING

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