Umbrella Advocates Versus Validity Police: a Life-Cycle Model

@article{Hirsch1999UmbrellaAV,
  title={Umbrella Advocates Versus Validity Police: a Life-Cycle Model},
  author={P. Hirsch and D. Z. Levin},
  journal={Organization Science},
  year={1999},
  volume={10},
  pages={199-212}
}
The rise and fall of organizational effectiveness, an "umbrella construct" once at the forefront of organizational theory, is traced through four life-cycle stages: emerging excitement, the validity challenge, "tidying up with typologies," and construct collapse. Although the study of effectiveness has declined, research on its component elements continues to thrive. Using the effectiveness story as an exemplar, we develop a more general model of this process for all umbrella constructs… Expand
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