Ultrastructure of Streptococcus pneumoniae after exposure to xylitol.

  title={Ultrastructure of Streptococcus pneumoniae after exposure to xylitol.},
  author={Terhi Tapiainen and Raija T. Sormunen and Tarja H Kaijalainen and Tero Kontiokari and Irma Ik{\"a}heimo and Matti Uhari},
  journal={The Journal of antimicrobial chemotherapy},
  volume={54 1},
OBJECTIVES Xylitol is a sugar alcohol which reduces the growth of Streptococcus pneumoniae and the adherence of pneumococci and Haemophilus influenzae to nasopharyngeal cells. Xylitol prevents acute otitis media but does not decrease nasopharyngeal carriage of pneumococci. We hypothesized that xylitol could affect the surface structures of viable… CONTINUE READING