Ryegrass mosaic virus particles and virus induced lamellar inclusions were found in mesophyll and epidermal cells of virus infected ryegrass leaves. The lamellar inclusions were occasionally found in phloem cells also. Virus particles occurred in cytoplasm, inside plasmodesmata and often in membrane bound sacs embedded in a matrix between plasmalemma and cell wall at or near plasmodesmata. Electron dense plugs protruding from plasmodesmata, finger-like cell wall outgrowths and cell wall deposits usually at plasmodesmata were also observed. Cytopathological changes in organelles in infected cells included dense deposits in the cisternae of endosplasmic reticulum and Golgi apparatus, mitochondria with electron-dense or opaque matrix, proliferating cristae and deteriorating unit membrane; and disintegrating chloroplasts.