Ultrastructural evaluation of the effects of global ischemia and reperfusion on human myocardium.

During open-heart surgery, myocardial biopsies were taken from 31 patients undergoing aortic valve replacement on total cardiopulmonary bypass. The first needle biopsy was taken before the induction of cardiac arrest (Kirsch cardioplegia), the second at the end of global ischemia, and the third during the reperfusion period. The tissue was investigated by… (More)