Ultrasound-assisted cloud point extraction for speciation and indirect spectrophotometric determination of chromium(III) and (VI) in water samples.

Abstract

Ultrasound-assisted cloud point extraction (UACPE) procedure was developed for speciation and indirect spectrophotometric determination of chromium(III) and (VI) in environmental water samples. The method is based on the reduction of Cr(VI) by iodide in acidic media and subsequently formation of I(3)(-) anion. The I(3)(-) formed can further react with cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB) and induce its clouding due to formation of an ion-association complex. The formed complex was separated from solution and dissolved in ethanol for spectrophotometric measurement. Cerium(IV) ammonium sulphate was chosen as an oxidizing reagent for pre-oxidation step of Cr(III) to Cr(VI) species before the addition of iodide to the system, up to chromium in trivalent can be determined by the procedure. Experimental parameters for both spectrophotometric reaction and extraction procedure have been optimized. Under optimized conditions Cr(VI) can be determined in the range 20-400 ng mL(-1) (R(2)=0.999). Detection limit, preconcentration factor and relative standard deviation were 12 ng mL(-1), 20.0 and 2.2% (n=5), respectively with 10 mL sample volumes. The proposed method has been successfully applied for determination of chromium(V) in spiked water, synthetic seawater and electroplating wastewater samples with average recoveries of 100.1, 99.4 and 99.1%, respectively.

DOI: 10.1016/j.saa.2012.02.073

Cite this paper

@article{Hashemi2012UltrasoundassistedCP, title={Ultrasound-assisted cloud point extraction for speciation and indirect spectrophotometric determination of chromium(III) and (VI) in water samples.}, author={Mahdi Hashemi and Seyed Mosayeb Daryanavard}, journal={Spectrochimica acta. Part A, Molecular and biomolecular spectroscopy}, year={2012}, volume={92}, pages={189-93} }