Ultrasonography of the equine cervical region: a descriptive study in eight horses.

  title={Ultrasonography of the equine cervical region: a descriptive study in eight horses.},
  author={Lise Charlotte Berg and J. V. Nielsen and M. B. Thoefner and Preben Dybdahl Thomsen},
  journal={Equine veterinary journal},
  volume={35 7},
REASONS FOR PERFORMING STUDY In equine patients, the cause of clinical signs possibly related to the cervical region is often difficult to diagnose. Ultrasonography allows quick and noninvasive visualisation, but reference material of the normal equine neck is needed. OBJECTIVES To describe and document the normal ultrasonographic appearance of transverse scans in the cervical region with emphasis on the synovial articular facet joints, cervical vertebrae and paravertebral structures; and… 


Diagnostic imaging is one of the pillars in the clinical workup of horses with clinical signs of cervical spinal disease. An improved awareness of morphologic variations in equine cervical vertebrae

Evaluation of the applicability of musculoskeletal ultrasonography of the thoracolumbar and lumbar spine segment of healthy dogs

Compared with normal musculoskeletal ultrasound anatomy of the T10-S1 vertebral segments with images obtained with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), computed tomography (CT), and anatomical structures, the ability to identify structures using these modalities is established.

The role of B-mode ultrasonography in the musculoskeletal anatomical evaluation of the cervical region of the dog spine

The objective was to establish the role of B-mode ultrasonography for the anatomical evaluation of the cervical spine segment in dogs, by comparing the ultrasonographic findings with images by computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging.

The 3D anatomy of the cervical articular process joints in the horse and their topographical relationship to the spinal cord.

3D anatomy of the equine cervical articular process joints confirms that the APJ extend into the dorsolateral aspect of the vertebral canal in a ventromedial direction, suggesting that oblique myelographic views are recommended for the diagnosis of spinal cord compression when pathology of theAPJ is suspected.

In search of clinical truths: equine and comparative studies of anatomy.

The part played by plastination, a recently developed technique for the preservation of biological specimens that can be handled without gloves, do not smell or decay, and even retain microscopic properties of the original sample is described.

Accuracy of ultrasound-guided intra-articular injection of cervical facet joints in horses: a cadaveric study.

The results of the present study indicate that the ultrasound-guided intra-articular facet joint injection can be applied as a diagnostic as well as therapeutic procedure in C2 to C7 and that it is advisable to practise injections on cadaver specimens before applying the technique.

Synovial folds in equine articular process joints.

The characterisation of the frequency, size and morphology of equine cervical synovial folds in 6 horses indicates that they could be damaged by acute injury or chronic disease in the cervical articular process joints.

Ultrasound-guided approach to the cervical articular process joints in horses: a validation of the technique in cadavers.

No significant effect of approach, transducer or needle gauge was observed on injection accuracy, time taken to perform injection, or number of redirects, but a positive learning curve was observed for the inexperienced operator.

Arthroscopic anatomy of the equine cervical articular process joints.

This study shows that arthroscopic examination of the APJs of equine cervical vertebra is feasible and can be performed in mature horses.



Forelimb lameness associated with radiographic abnormalities of the cervical vertebrae.

Eight horses hadForelimb lameness which was considered unrelated to primary forelimb pain, but was associated with radiographic abnormalities of one or more cervical vertebrae, and one was still being rested at the time of writing.

Contrast-enhanced computed tomography and myelography in six horses with cervical stenotic myelopathy.

The cervical spines of 6 horses with cervical stenotic myelopathy were examined using myelography and contrast-enhanced computed tomography and this finding supports previous reports suggesting that generalised stenosis of the vertebral canal is an important feature in the pathogenesis of cervical stenosis.

Evaluation of the musculoskeletal system with sonography.

Potential applications of musculoskeletal sonography are reviewed; some of these applications are new and have been used in a small series of patients, and others, such as infant hip sonography, have already be used in thousands of cases and may be possible.

Equine diagnostic ultrasound.

Manual of Equine Practice

Dose Rates, Use, and Route of Administration of Some Drugs Commonly Used in Equine Practice, and Suggested Immunization Chart for Horses Vaccines and Antitoxins Currently Available Company Addresses Index.

The anatomy of the domestic animals

The anatomy of the domestic animals , The anatomy of the domestic animals , مرکز فناوری اطلاعات و اطلاع رسانی کشاورزی

The diagnosis of deep muscle abscesses using two-dimensional real time ultrasound

Ultrasonographic evaluation of equine musculoskeletal injury

  • Equine Diagnostic Ultrasonography
  • 1998

Diseases of the Nervous System

  • W. R. Brain
  • Medicine
    Buffalo Medical and Surgical Journal
  • 1892
LL. D., Professor of the Diseases of the Mind and Nervous System, and of Medical Jurisprudence, Missouri Medical College, St. Louis ; late Physician-in-Chief to St. Vincent’s Institution for the