UV radiation ocular exposure dosimetry

  title={UV radiation ocular exposure dosimetry},
  author={David H Sliney},
  journal={Documenta Ophthalmologica},
  • D. Sliney
  • Published 2005
  • Medicine
  • Documenta Ophthalmologica
Cataractogenesis by ultraviolet radiation (UVR) has been shown convincingly by a host of different laboratory studies. However, crucial epidemiological evidence linking chronic UVR exposure to age-related cataract appears to be lacking, since different environmental studies have led to apparently conflicting results. This paper explores a possible explanation for these conflicting results: errors in dosimetry. Any epidemiological study depends upon good dosimetry of the subjects' exposures. A… 
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Assessing Human Eye Exposure to UV Light: A Narrative Review
A review of the current literature on ocular exposure to ultraviolet light is conducted and three methods have been developed: the use of anthropomorphic manikins, measurements through wearable sensors and numerical simulations.
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Physical factors in cataractogenesis: ambient ultraviolet radiation and temperature.
  • D. Sliney
  • Environmental Science
    Investigative ophthalmology & visual science
  • 1986
The study attempts to provide epidemiological investigators with more detailed information necessary to perform more accurate studies of cataract and other ocular pathologies that appear to be related to environmental factors.
Effect of ultraviolet radiation on cataract formation.
It is concluded that there is an association between exposure to ultraviolet B radiation and cataract formation, which supports the need for ocular protection from ultraviolet B.
The ocular dose of ultraviolet radiation to outdoor workers.
The results provide parameters which can be used in modeling ocular UVR exposure in epidemiological and clinical studies and a seasonal effect on the ocular ambient exposure ratio (OAER) was also observed.
Ultraviolet light exposure and lens opacities: the Beaver Dam Eye Study.
Exposure to UVB light may be associated with the severity of cortical opacities in men, but the lack of an association in women, the group more likely to have corticalOpacities, suggests that other factors may be more important in the pathogenesis of lens opacITIES.
Estimating the solar ultraviolet radiation exposure to an intraocular lens implant
  • D. Sliney
  • Physics
    Journal of cataract and refractive surgery
  • 1987
Ocular damage induced by near-ultraviolet laser radiation.
A quantitative study of ocular damage thresholds in the rhesus monkey eye from krypton, argon, and nitrogen laser radiation found that cataracts were induced with lower energy doses than required to cause corneal damage.
Ultraviolet Exposure in the Outdoor Environment: Measurements of Ambient Ultraviolet Exposure Levels at Large Zenith Angles
The ambient levels of ultraviolet radiation (UVR) incident upon the eye and skin vary dramatically with latitude, time of day (solar zenith angle), and geometry of exposure [1–10]. The first two
UV-A: Biological Effects of Ultraviolet Radiation With Emphasis on Human Responses to Longwave Ultraviolet
This unique compilation of information concerning the biological effects of long wavelength ultraviolet (UV) energy, primarily UV-A, grew from an initial request by government and industry for data from a procedure for photopolymerization to a much broader evaluation of the field.
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Pigmented rabbit eyes were exposed to the 6.6 nm band-pass UV radiant energy in 5 nm steps from 295 to 320 nm and at random intervals above 320 nm to establish both corneal and lenticular damage criteria.
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A correlation between the locations of the foci of scattered incident light and the usual locations of pterygium and cortical cataract is demonstrated, suggesting the need for improved ocular protective devices, particularly ones that provide lateral protection of the eye against the increased ultraviolet insolation resulting from thinning of the ozone layer.