- For reviews, see e.g.
- Narison, Phys. Rept. 84 (1982) 263; QCD as a…
Using Dimensional Regularization (DR) for some two-point functions of a prototype Non-Comutative (NC) φ scalar theory in 4-dimensions, we explictly analyze, to one-loop, the IR and UV divergences of non-planar diagrams having quadratic divergences and compare to the case of the Pauli-Villars cut-off regularization (PVR). We also note that the IR structure 1/p ◦ p obtained from DR is reproduced by PVR in the limit where the UV cut-off Λ is set to infinity. We study the phenomenological implications of this result by rederiving bounds from low-energy data on the violation of Lorentz invariance based on the existence of the quadratic divergence. The most stringent (and regularization independent) bound on Lorentz violation from low-energy data is 1/ √ θ ≈ ν ≥ 10 GeV for NCQCD and 10 GeV for NCQED, which comes from the absence of sidereal variations between the Cs and Hg atomic clocks.