UV-Grade Silicon Photomultipliers for Direct Counting of Low-Energy Electrons and Protons


This paper reports a novel application of silicon photomultipliers (SiPMs) for directly counting kiloelectron-volt-range electrons and protons. Current instruments for measuring low-energy ions and neutral atoms (<30 keV) in space regularly use secondary electron multipliers, which pose practical limitations in small volume and low budget… (More)


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