author={Ximena J. Nelson and Robert R. Jackson and Godfrey O. Sune},
Abstract The prey-capture behavior of the juveniles of Evarcha culicivora, an East African mosquito-eating jumping spider, was investigated in the laboratory using living prey and using dead, motionless lures made from two mosquito species, Anopheles gambiae sensu stricto and Culex quinquefasciatus. Having tested individuals of E. culicivora that had no prior experience with mosquitoes (rearing diet: only chaoborid and chironomid midges), our findings imply that the small, but not the large… 

Convergence between a mosquito-eating predator's natural diet and its prey-choice behaviour

These findings illustrate the importance of going beyond simply specifying preferred prey categories when characterizing predators as ‘specialized’ and a need to make clear conceptual distinctions between a predator's natural diet, the prey categories that are relevant to the predator, and the predator's prey-choicebehaviour.

Complex display behaviour of Evarcha culicivora, an East African mosquito‐eating jumping spider

This work documents this species’ exceptionally complex display repertoire of E. culicivora, an East African jumping spider that feeds indirectly on vertebrate blood by choosing blood‐carrying mosquitoes as preferred prey and differs from other salticids that have been studied by adopting pronounced copulatory courtship.

Fine tuning of vision-based prey-choice decisions by a predator that targets malaria vectors

The preference of E. culicivora for blood meals and for Anopheles in particular is confirmed and the first evidence of a preference, independent of blood meals, for female instead of male mosquitoes is provided.

A Predator from East Africa that Chooses Malaria Vectors as Preferred Prey

This is the first experimental study to show that a predator of any type actively chooses Anopheles as preferred prey, suggesting that specialized predators having a role in the biological control of disease vectors is a realistic possibility.

The discerning predator: decision rules underlying prey classification by a mosquito-eating jumping spider

The results show that E. culicivora uses a complex process for prey classification, when abdomens were not visible or were identical, spiders based their decisions on the appearance of the head plus thorax of mosquitoes, choosing prey with female characteristics.

Innate Pattern Recognition and Categorization in a Jumping Spider

The results of this study suggest that E. culicivora use a local processing approach for object recognition, rather than a holistic or global approach, and provide a glimpse of the underlying processes of object recognition in animals with minute brains.

Dietary and prey-capture adaptations by which Zodarion germanicum, an ant-eating spider (Araneae: Zodariidae), specialises on the Formicinae

Evidence is provided that Zodarion germanicum is a spider that has dietary and venom adaptations by which it targets a particular subset of ants, the subfamily Formicinae, and the findings suggest that the spider’s venom is especially effective against formicines.

Natural history and display behaviour of Servaea incana, a common and widespread Australian jumping spider (Araneae : Salticidae)

It is found that S. incana preys upon a variety of small arthropods and, unusually amongst salticids, ants make up a large portion of the diet.

Alternative predatory tactics in a juvenile jumping spider

Various differences were found in the mode of catching the prey, which indicate that the juvenile Yllenus arenarius Menge 1868 possess a conditional hunting strategy.



Prey‐capture techniques and prey preferences of Zenodorus durvillei, Z. metallescens and Z. orbiculatus, tropical ant‐eating jumping spiders (Araneae: Saiticidae) from Australia

Testing with laboratory‐reared spiders showed that the development of preference for ants and ant‐specific prey‐capture behaviour did not depend on prior experience with ants, and tests with dead, motionless lures showed that each species could distinguish between ants and other types of prey independent of the different movement patterns of the prey.

Prey‐capture techniques and prey preferences of Habrocestum pulex, an ant‐eating jumping spider (Araneae, Salticidae) from North America

The prey-catching techniques and prey preferences of Habrocestum pulex, ant-eating jumping spider from North America, were studied in the laboratory and preference for ants over other insects is shown not to depend on level of activity or any other cues from prey movement pattern.

Aggressive mimicry, prey-specific predatory behaviour and predator-recognition in the predator-prey interactions of Portia fimbriata and Euryattus sp., jumping spiders from Queensland

SummaryAdults and large juveniles of Queensland Portia fimbriata, a salticid spider known to prey on other spiders (including other salticids), are shown to use prey-specific predatory behaviour

Cues by which Portia fimbriata, an araneophagic jumping spider, distinguishes jumping-spider prey from other prey.

There was no evidence that cues from the legs of prey salticids influence the choice of stalking style of P. fimbriata, but cues fromThe legs do appear to influence strongly whether a prey is stalked at all, and an algorithm to describe the perceptual processes of P., which involves visually discriminating between salticid and non-salticid prey is discussed.

Prey‐capture techniques and prey preferences of nine species of ant‐eating jumping spiders (Araneae: Salticidae) from the Philippines

Nine salticid species took dolichoderine, formicine, myrmicine, ponerine, and pseudomyrmecine ants in preference to a variety of other insects (aphids, bugs, caterpillars, cockroaches, crickets, flies, gnats, lacewings, mantises, may flies, midges, mosquitoes, moths, plant and leafhoppers, plant lice, and termites).

Prey preferences ofPortia fimbriata, an araneophagic, web-building jumping spider (Araneae: Salticidae) from Queensland

Portia fimbriata from Queensland, a previously studied jumping spider (Salticidae), routinely includes web-building spiders and cursorial salticids in its diet, both of these types of prey being

Prey‐capture techniques and prey preferences of Corythalia canosa and Pystira orbiculata, ant‐eating jumping spiders (Araneae, Salticidae)

Corythalia canosa's and P. orbiculata's preference for ants, and their prey-specific predatory behaviour for catching ants, are shown not to depend on prior experience with ants.

Prey preferences of Portia labiata, P. africana, and P. schultzi, araneophagic jumping spiders (Araneae: Salticidae) from the Philippines, Sri Lanka, Kenya, and Uganda

Prey‐preference behaviour of three species of araneophagic salticid, including P. labiata from the Philippines and Sri Lanka, P. africana from Kenya and Uganda, and P. schultzi from Kenya, is studied in the laboratory for the first time, suggesting that all these araneophile salticids can distinguish between the different taxonomic categories of prey without reference to their different movement patterns.

The Effect of Alien Predatory Ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) on Hawaiian Endemic Spiders (Araneae: Tetragnathidae)

This study examined distribution of ants in mesic and wet forests throughout the Hawaiian Islands and the extent to which they overlap the range of representatives of a lineage of endemic Hawaiian invertebrates, the genus Tetragnatha, which is largely a consequence of over 500 endemic species.

Prey‐capture techniques and prey preferences of Chrysilla, Natta and Siler, ant‐eating jumping spiders (Araneae, Salticidae) from Kenya and Sri Lanka

The predatory behaviour of Chrysilla lauta and Sliersemiglaucus from Sri Lanka, and four species of Natta from Kenya, was studied in the laboratory for the first time and preference for ants, and prey-specific predatory behaviour did not depend on prior experience with ants.