US communication policy after convergence

@article{Bar2008USCP,
  title={US communication policy after convergence},
  author={François Bar and Christian Sandvig},
  journal={Media, Culture \& Society},
  year={2008},
  volume={30},
  pages={531 - 550}
}
The laws and policies that govern communication in the US have evolved over time to treat different media with distinct doctrines. The press, the post, broadcasting and the telephone each abide by different rules, defining who can build and operate the underlying communication systems, who can use them, along what patterns, to convey what information. As these regimes evolved, they adjusted to reflect social, political, economic and technological change. Occasionally over the past century, the… 

Figures from this paper

Regulatory (de) Convergence: Localism, Federalism, and Nationalism in American Telecommunications Policy

This chapter discusses how the issue of statewide cable franchising in the United States reintroduced us to two actors in communication policymaking that have long been dormant: local municipalities

Mapping digital communication systems: infrastructures, markets, and policies as regulatory forces

This article presents a framework for mapping digital communication systems and thereby analyzing how and why structural conditions differ across national contexts. Following the ‘turn to

‘Frozen’ media subsidies during a time of media change: A comparative analysis of media policy drift in six Western democracies

Media systems around the world have changed in significant ways in the early 21st century. In this article, I analyse how various forms of media subsidies have changed in response to these

Networks of power. Analysing the evolution of the Danish internet infrastructure

Abstract This article studies the evolution of the internet infrastructure and assesses emerging digital power structures and regulatory dynamics. We revisit and develop Thomas P. Hughes’ momentum

Accountability and the CRTC: an evaluation of the Canadian commercial radio licence renewal process (1997-2007)

In most areas of public policy, where regulation is expected to exhibit transparency and accountability, evaluation is recognized as necessary. Broadcasting is no different. Nevertheless, recently

Over-the-top and under the radarAn analysis of Internet distribution and its structural consequences in Denmark

Abstract The article traces the evolution of over-the-top (OTT) services in order to analyse how the growing use of Internet distribution influences the structural conditions and institutional

A Layered Network Approach to Net Neutrality

TLDR
A net neutrality policy based on the layered structure of the Internet that gracefully accommodates convergence is developed, which restricts an Internet service provider's ability to discriminate in a manner that extracts oligopoly rents, while simultaneously ensuring that ISPs can use desirable forms of network management.

Leading digital economies: a best practice approach to converged regulation

Purpose – Over the past decade telecommunications media and technology (TMT) has driven a new era that has evolved into the digital age. There is a growing consensus in developed countries that TMT

Testing Current Telecommunications Practices Against User and Provider Principles

What is the future of “Carterfone” style device attachment rules for a converged broadband network? The authors predict that American rules governing device attachment will become unsustainable as

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 34 REFERENCES

Telecommunications, Mass Media, and Democracy: The Battle for the Control of U.S. Broadcasting, 1928-1935

This work shows in detail the emergence and consolidation of U.S. commercial broadcasting economically, politically, and ideologically. This process was met by organized opposition and a general

Universal Service: COMPETITION, INTERCONNECTION, AND MONOPOLY IN THE MAKING OF THE AMERICAN TELEPHONE SYSTEM

Interconnection of competing networks is a critical issue in telecommunications policy. Likewise, the reconciliation of traditional universal service goals (a nationwide telecommunications network

Selling the Air: A Critique of the Policy of Commercial Broadcasting in the United States

In this study of the laws and policies associated with commercial radio and television, the author reverses the usual take on broadcasting and markets by showing that government regulation creates

The Gordian knot: political gridlock on the information highway

Veterans of the high-definition TV wars of the 1980s, the authors, social scientists as well as technologists, came to see themselves as "chroniclers and students of an intriguing and serious

The Irony of Regulatory Reform: The Deregulation of American Telecommunications

Deregulation was a political buzzword of the early 1980's. The Reagan Administration came to power on a platform dedicated to getting government "off the backs of the people." Deregulation promised

Universal service: Prosaic motives and great ideals

The recent proliferation of telecommunications services has turned the idea of universal service into a serious problem, because there is little consensus about what should constitute a “bare

Contrived Competition: Regulation and Deregulation in America.

This book explains how four major firms--American Airlines, El Paso Natural Gas, AT&T, and Bank America--and their respective managements were challenged by the deregulation of markets starting in

Code and Other Laws of Cyberspace

TLDR
Harvard Professor Lawrence Lessig shows how code can make a domain, site, or network free or restrictive; how technological architectures influence people's behavior and the values they adopt; and how changes in code can have damaging consequences for individual freedoms.