US Blunders in Iraq: De-Baathification and Disbanding the Army

  title={US Blunders in Iraq: De-Baathification and Disbanding the Army},
  author={James P. Pfiffner},
  journal={Intelligence and National Security},
  pages={76 - 85}
  • J. P. Pfiffner
  • Published 1 February 2010
  • Political Science
  • Intelligence and National Security
Abstract In May 2003 Paul Bremer issued CPA Orders to exclude from the new Iraq government members of the Baath Party (CPA Order 1) and to disband the Iraqi Army (CPA Order 2). These two orders severely undermined the capacity of the occupying forces to maintain security and continue the ordinary functioning of the Iraq government. The decisions reversed previous National Security Council judgments and were made over the objections of high ranking military and intelligence officers. The… 
Tribe and State in Post-Ba`athist Iraq
Author(s): Wrzesniewski, Jakub | Advisor(s): Zysman, John | Abstract: In 2003, an erstwhile successful state apparatus - the security party-state of Ba`athist Iraq - collapsed as a result of the
The Locals Strike Back: The Anbar Awakening in Iraq and the Rise of Islamic State
This chapter assesses the long-term political consequences of the ‘local turn’ in contemporary counter-insurgency by critically interrogating what came to be known as the Anbar Awakening and the
Policy Initiatives That Steer Terrorism: A Case Study of L. Paul Bremer’s De-Ba’athification of the Iraqi Army
A key objective of the U.S. invasion of Iraq was to bring democracy to Iraq by severing all links with Saddam Hussein’s toppled regime. As we’ve now discovered however, this “de-Ba’athization” policy
Assessing (In)security after the Arab Spring
  • J. Gledhill
  • Political Science
    PS: Political Science & Politics
  • 2013
More than two years after the heady days of protest and uprising that characterized the Arab Spring, the glow of revolution has given way to the intricacies and complications of regime building.
Universities in Post-2003 Iraq: Coalition and Iraqi Responses to Violence and Insecurity
Iraqi universities in the aftermath of invasion in 2003 experienced extremely high levels of “post”-war violence and insecurity. The most widely known dimension of this violence is the shocking
Post-ISIS Iraq and the Shia Armed Groups
  • K. Rached, A. Bali
  • Political Science
    Central European Journal of International and Security Studies
  • 2019
The political environment of Iraq in the period from 2011-2014 experienced a great degree of turbulence. Many Sunni tribes in the Anbar, Ramadi and Salahadin regions organized a daily protest against
An American Way of Political Warfare: A Proposal
A merican combat experiences since 2001 have revealed stunning military capabilities and repeated tactical successes. Yet the United States has failed to achieve acceptable and durable political
Sectarianism in Iraq: the role of the coalition provisional authority
ABSTRACT This article challenges recent analyses on sectarianism and Sunni-Shi’a conflict in Iraq by examining the political and economic factors that have underpinned the rising levels of
State Collapse, Democratisation and Informal Power in Iraq
When we speak of ‘Iraq’ certain words or terms spring to mind: anarchy, lawlessness, violence, sectarianism, bodycount or Hobbesian ‘war of all against all’.1 However political violence and crime in
The Kurdish Files of Saddam Hussein’s Ba’ath Regime: Struggle for Reconciliation in Iraq
The U.S.-led wars against Iraq in 1991 and 2003 resulted in the seizure of vast quantities of internal state security documents from the former regime of Saddam Hussein. Following Iraq’s 1991 defeat