URBAN CENTERS: An Assessment of Sustainability

  title={URBAN CENTERS: An Assessment of Sustainability},
  author={Gordon Mcgranahan and David Satterthwaite},
  journal={Annual Review of Environment and Resources},
As increasing proportions of the world's population, production, and consumption become concentrated in urban areas, the need for urban development patterns that are more ecologically sustainable becomes obvious. A large proportion of the world's urban population also has needs that are unmet. We review the scale and nature of urban change worldwide, the environmental impacts of these changes, and the potentials and the difficulties in better meeting sustainable development goals in urban… 

Tables from this paper

Working on strategies towards urban sustainability
Global sustainability is an issue of urban sustainability since cities have become the primary human habitat. Urban settlements represent only 2.7% of the world's land area. However, the world's
Role of Energy in Sustainable Urban Development Planning
For the first time in human history, more than half the world’s population lives in urban areas. Around the world, mega and super cities with tens of millions of inhabitants are rapidly expanding. In
Environmental impacts of urban growth from an integrated dynamic perspective: A case study of Shenzhen, South China
Abstract China is home to one-fifth of the world's population and that population is increasingly urban. The landscape is also urbanizing. Although there are studies that focus on specific elements
Urban Development in Southern Africa and Latin America
This initial chapter gives a brief summary of the scope and goals of the DIMSUD project. The starting point is the urbanization process in the developing world. The world’s population is growing
Coastal urbanization: the challenge of management lag
Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to explore the response dynamics of management interventions in relation to coastal urbanization and its consequences for ecosystems and
The Urban Planet: Challenges and Opportunities for Sustainability
  • T. Elmqvist
  • Geography
    City Policies and the European Urban Agenda
  • 2019
We have entered the Anthropocene—an era when humans are a dominant geological force—and at the same time we have entered an Urban Age. Creating healthy, habitable, urban living spaces for so many
Sustainable Tropical Cities: A Scoping Review of Multidisciplinary Methods for Urban Planning
  • Taha Chaiechi
  • Political Science
    eTropic: electronic journal of studies in the tropics
  • 2020
Most studies of urban sustainability are characterised by traditional approaches focusing on environmental aspects. These studies often neglect the influence of issues such as governance, society,
The effectiveness of conservation interventions to overcome the urban–environmental paradox
  • R. McDonald
  • Business, Medicine
    Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
  • 2015
Evidence for an apparent urban–environmental paradox is presented: while the process of urban growth converts natural habitat to other land covers and degrades natural resources and ecosystem function, the increase in human population can increase demand for natural Resources and ecosystem services.
An urban metabolism and ecological footprint assessment of Metro Vancouver.
The EFA reveals that cropland and carbon sinks account for 90% of Metro Vancouver's overall demand for biocapacity, and its per capita ecological footprint is 4.76 gha, nearly three times the per capita global supply of biocAPacity.
Multiple effects of urbanization on the biodiversity of developing countries: the case of a fast-growing metropolitan area (Concepción, Chile).
Urbanization is increasingly homogenizing the biota of less developed countries. Even though urban sprawl is a worldwide problem, most studies on the effects of urbanization, and the conceptual


Environmental Problems in an Urbanizing World: Finding Solutions in Cities in Africa, Asia and Latin America
Cities can provide health safe and stimulating environments for their inhabitants without imposing unsustainable demands on natural resources ecosystems and global cycles. A successful city in this
Sustainable Cities or Cities that Contribute to Sustainable Development?
This paper outlines a framework for assessing the environmental performance of cities in regard to the meeting of sustainable development goals. It also considers how the environmental goals fit with
Sustainability and Cities: Overcoming Automobile Dependence
The book examines the urban aspect of sustainability issues, arguing that cities are a necessary focus for that global agenda. The authors make the case that the essential caracter of a city's land
The Citizens at Risk: From Urban Sanitation to Sustainable Cities
Preface * Introduction * Urban Affluence and Shifting Environmental Burdens * Urban Water: From Health to Sustainability * Shifting Environmental Challenges in Accra, Jakarta and Sao Paulo *
Environmental Justice and the Sustainable City
As the debate on sustainable development and environmental justice has gathered momen tum, considerable attention has been paid to identifying key principles. In this paper, I highlight a number of
Participatory democracy and sustainable development: integrated urban environmental management in Porto Alegre, Brazil
Porto Alegre is well known for its innovative social policies but less so for the environmental policies that are this paper’s focus. The paper begins by describing the city’s participatory budgeting
Squatter Citizen: Life in the Urban Third World
Drawing on their own skills, making the best use of limited resources and forming their own community organisations, the poor account for most new city housing in the Third World. However, the city
Human Settlements, Energy, and Industry
Human settlements are integrators of many of the climate impacts initially felt in other sectors, and differ from each other in geographic location, size, economic circumstances, and political and
Orders of magnitude of the world's urban population in history.
This article claims to be 1 of the first to attempt precise estimates of urban populations at different periods of history and to date the onset of the modern urban revolution. The few existing
Ecological footprints and appropriated carrying capacity: what urban economics leaves out
Ecological footprints and appropriated carrying capacity: what urban economics leaves out uses the concepts of human carrying capacity and natural capital to develop a framework to evaluate each