author={Shahid Rahman and Muhammad Iqbal},
  journal={Arabic Sciences and Philosophy},
  pages={67 - 132}
Abstract One of the epistemological results emerging from this initial study is that the different forms of co-relational inference, known in the Islamic jurisprudence as qiyās, represent an innovative and sophisticated form of reasoning that not only provides new epistemological insights into legal reasoning in general but also furnishes a fine-grained pattern for parallel reasoning which can be deployed in a wide range of problem-solving contexts and does not seem to reduce to the standard… 
8 Citations

Arsyad Al-Banjari’s Dialectical Model for Integrating Indonesian Traditional Uses into Islamic Law

Muhammad Arsyad Al-Banjari who lived from 1710 to 1812 in Borneo, Indonesia, applied a model of integrating uses of the Banjarese tradition into Islamic Jurisprudence based on a dialectical

On the Plural Conceptions of Logic: A Dialogical Framework for the Teaching and Study of Logical Systems

About 40 years ago, or perhaps even earlier, logical systems started to emerge at a breath-taking pace almost every day. At the same time several unifying approaches have been proposed, that are also

Can We Be Skeptical About A Priori Knowledge? ∗

In this paper, we present a dialectical argument for a priori skepticism (i.e. the thesis that it is possible to be skeptical about a priori knowledge). Our argument is based on two types of a priori

Dialogues, Reasons and Endorsement

The main aim of the present paper is to show that, if we follow the dialogical insight that reasoning and meaning are constituted during interaction, and we develop this insight in a dialogical

Concluding Remarks: A Plaidoyer for the Play Level

To some extent, the criticisms the dialogical approach to logic has been subject to have provided an opportunity for clarifying its basic tenets. Moreover, our responses to the objections have

Qiyās al-Dalāla and Qiyās al-Shabah: al-Shīrāzī’s System of Correlational Inferences by Indication and Resemblance

The present chapter examines al-Shīrāzī’s classification of correlational inferences by indication and resemblance based on pinpointing specific relevant parallelisms between rulings or resemblances between properties.



Legal Comparability and Cultural Identity: The Case of Legal Reasoning in Jewish and Islamic Traditions

Comparativism is not only a means for political change, but also a heuristic tool for the legal historian within explanatory contexts. The comparability of the Islamic and Jewish legal systems in the

The Development of Logical Structure in Sunni Legal Theory

Modern research has shown that, although by the end of the second Century of the Hijra a fairly elaborate corpus of Sunni positive law had emerged, the theoretical foundation and logical basis of

A Dialogical, Multi-Agent Account of the Normativity of Logic

The paper argues that much of the difficulty with making progress on the issue of the normativity of logic for thought, as discussed in the literature, stems from a misapprehension of what logic is

A History of Islamic Legal Theories: An Introduction to Sunni Usul Al-Fiqh

A History of Islamic Legal Theories: an Introduction to Sunni usul al-fiqh, by Wael Hallaq. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 1997. ix + 262 pages. Refs. to p. 287. Index to p. 294. $59.95.

Introduction: The Major Breakthrough in Scientific Pratice

The neglect of the Arabic tradition in philosophy of science is a major a gap not only in the development of science but a fundamental flaw in the writing of its history and philosophy caused by the total reduction of epistemology to political and social history of science.

The Birth of Scientific Controversies The Dynamics of the Arabic Tradition and Its Impact on the Development of Science: Ibn al-Haytham's Challenge of Ptolemy's Almagest

  • H. Tahiri
  • Physics
    The Unity of Science in the Arabic Tradition
  • 2008
This chapter will show that Copernicus was in fact working under the influence of the two streams of the Arabic tradition: the well known more philosophical western stream, known as physical realism, and the newly discovered eastern mathematical stream.

Ibn Taymiyya Against the Greek Logicians

Part 1 Introduction: Ibn Taymiyya's opponents and his refutation of the logicians sources of the critique Ibn Taymiyya's discourse the Arabic texts notes on the translation. Part 2 "Jahd al-Qariha fi

Acts of Knowledge: History, Philosophy and Logic

The Editors’ vision for this volume is that it should be a selection of essays, contributed by the academics who have worked, studied, collaborated and disagreed with Goran Sundholm; engaging in

The programme of Aristotelian analytics

An overall interpretation of Aristotle’s Analytics is submitted, by saying that the Analytics are analytic, that is, they do not lay out progressive or constructive processes, in which, given certain fundamental premises, terms or rules, one would go ahead and draw conclusions or even build a systematic body of knowledge on the basis of these principles.

Context-Sensitivity in Jain Philosophy: A Dialogical Study of Siddharṣigaṇi’s Commentary on the Handbook of Logic

The main aim of the project is to develop the elements of a suitable logical system that should offer a reconstruction of the Jainas’ epistemic theory of disputation with the help of a theory of meaning for logical constants based on argumentative practices called dialogical logic.