author={Cathy Macdonald},
  journal={The Canadian Journal of Action Research},
  • C. Macdonald
  • Published 13 September 2012
  • Sociology
  • The Canadian Journal of Action Research
Participatory Action Research (PAR) is a qualitative research methodology option that requires further understanding and consideration. PAR is considered democratic, equitable, liberating, and life-enhancing qualitative inquiry that remains distinct from other qualitative methodologies (Kach & Kralik, 2006). Using PAR, qualitative features of an individual’s feelings, views, and patterns are revealed without control or manipulation from the researcher. The participant is active in making… 

Working Towards the Promise of Participatory Action Research: Learning From Ageing Research Exemplars

Within research addressing issues of social justice, there is a growing uptake of participatory action research (PAR) approaches that are ideally committed to equitable participation of community


Participatory Action Research (PAR) is increasingly recognized within academic research and pedagogy. What are the benefits of including feminism within participatory action research and teaching? In

Participatory Critical Incident Technique: A Participatory Action Research Approach for Counselling Psychology

This article provides an overview of the utilization of the participatory critical incident technique (PaCIT), an approach that incorporates participatory action research (PAR) with the critical

Participatory action research and the construction of academic identity among postgraduate research students

This paper discusses the construction of academic identity among postgraduate research students who emerged from a participatory action research (PAR) project. The article reports on how postgraduate

The Trajectory of Transformative Research as an Inclusive Qualitative Research Approach to Social Issues

Experiences in research exploration have revealed how best to respond to social issues in education research, most especially that bothers on social relationships and differences, among others. The

Participatory Action Research and design pedagogy: Perspectives for design education

Design’s scope of practice has grown from one that was traditionally defined by materials and processes to one where designers are working on some of the most pressing challenges of our times. Once a

Co-constructing feminist research: Ensuring meaningful participation while researching the experiences of criminalised women

Traditional forms of knowledge production can serve to reproduce the power imbalances present within the social contexts that research and knowledge production occur. With the interests of the

Using Participatory Action Research to Access Social Work Voices: Acknowledging the Fit

ABSTRACT This article presents Participatory Action Research (PAR) as a critical methodology that fills a gap in health research, and describes the importance of using PAR with a group of social

Who gives “Voice” or “Empowers Migrants” in Participatory Action Research? Challenges and Solutions

Given the power relationships between researchers and participants in Participatory Action Research (PAR), this chapter challenges the assumption that migration researchers “give voice” or “empower”

A Step in the Right Direction: Measuring Indicators of Responsible Community Engagement in Samburu, Kenya

The inclusion of stakeholders and knowledge systems is increasingly valued in research to address complex socio-ecological challenges around the world. Often these projects take place in



Participatory action research (PAR): a research strategy for nursing?

  • L. Young
  • Business
    Western journal of nursing research
  • 2006
As an alternative to traditional social science, PAR breathes life into the research process by moving social inquiry from a linear cause and effect framework to a participatory framework that is embedded in the everyday experiential complexities of those for whom the research matters most.

Doing Participatory Action Research in a Racist World

  • C. Varcoe
  • Psychology, Sociology
    Western journal of nursing research
  • 2006
This exploration of the racial power dynamics in a participatory action research project with women who had experienced intimate partner violence discusses the challenges inherent in doing

Ethical issues in participatory action research.

The ethical issues arising out of participatory action research (PAR) are described on the basis of both an empirical study and the research literature, and the ways to deal with these issues are discussed.

Enhancing lives through the development of a community-based participatory action research programme.

It is concluded that the cyclical processes inherent in PAR promote reflection and reconstruction of experiences that can lead to the enhancement of people's lives, either at an individual or community level, or both.

Handbook of action research

Introduction - Peter Reason and Hilary Bradbury Inquiry and Participation in Search of a World Worthy of Human Aspiration Theory and Practice - Bj[sl]orn Gustavsen The Mediating Discourse

Participatory Action Research as a Process and as a Goal

Participatory action research is presented as a social research method and process and as a goal that social research should always strive to achieve. After describing the key features and strengths

Observation in Political Research: A Qualitative Approach

Qualitative research in politics is predominantly interview-based. Observation is neglected as a research tool by political scientists. This article presents the case for using observation techniques

All You Need to Know about Action Research

The book is organized in seven logically sequenced parts. Part 1 details what the reader needs to know about what action research is all about and who is best poised to conduct action research. Part

Qualitative inquiry and research design: choosing among five traditions.

This book explores the philosophical underpinnings, history and key elements of five qualitative inquiry traditions: biography, phenomenology, grounded theory, ethnography and case study. John W

The emotional nature of qualitative research

INTRODUCTION: WHY ARE WE INTERESTED IN EMOTIONS? SECTION ONE Feminist Research with Women Awaiting Trial: The Effects on Participants in the Qualitative Research Process The Management of Self: