author={Cathy Macdonald},
  journal={The Canadian Journal of Action Research},
  • C. Macdonald
  • Published 13 September 2012
  • Sociology
  • The Canadian Journal of Action Research
Participatory Action Research (PAR) is a qualitative research methodology option that requires further understanding and consideration. PAR is considered democratic, equitable, liberating, and life-enhancing qualitative inquiry that remains distinct from other qualitative methodologies (Kach & Kralik, 2006). Using PAR, qualitative features of an individual’s feelings, views, and patterns are revealed without control or manipulation from the researcher. The participant is active in making… 
Working Towards the Promise of Participatory Action Research: Learning From Ageing Research Exemplars
Within research addressing issues of social justice, there is a growing uptake of participatory action research (PAR) approaches that are ideally committed to equitable participation of community
Participatory Action Research (PAR) is increasingly recognized within academic research and pedagogy. What are the benefits of including feminism within participatory action research and teaching? In
Participatory Critical Incident Technique: A Participatory Action Research Approach for Counselling Psychology
This article provides an overview of the utilization of the participatory critical incident technique (PaCIT), an approach that incorporates participatory action research (PAR) with the critical
Participatory action research and the construction of academic identity among postgraduate research students
This paper discusses the construction of academic identity among postgraduate research students who emerged from a participatory action research (PAR) project. The article reports on how postgraduate
Participatory Action Research and design pedagogy: Perspectives for design education
Design’s scope of practice has grown from one that was traditionally defined by materials and processes to one where designers are working on some of the most pressing challenges of our times. Once a
Co-constructing feminist research: Ensuring meaningful participation while researching the experiences of criminalised women
Traditional forms of knowledge production can serve to reproduce the power imbalances present within the social contexts that research and knowledge production occur. With the interests of the
Using Participatory Action Research to Access Social Work Voices: Acknowledging the Fit
ABSTRACT This article presents Participatory Action Research (PAR) as a critical methodology that fills a gap in health research, and describes the importance of using PAR with a group of social
Who gives “Voice” or “Empowers Migrants” in Participatory Action Research? Challenges and Solutions
Given the power relationships between researchers and participants in Participatory Action Research (PAR), this chapter challenges the assumption that migration researchers “give voice” or “empower”
A Step in the Right Direction: Measuring Indicators of Responsible Community Engagement in Samburu, Kenya
The inclusion of stakeholders and knowledge systems is increasingly valued in research to address complex socio-ecological challenges around the world. Often these projects take place in
Charting a Clear Course Through the Methodological Jungle: Lessons About PAR from and for Simulation‑Based Educational Research
Many argue that technology brought about by the Fourth Industrial Revolution offers new opportunities for student learning. In order for educators to use technology with wisdom, in‑depth


Participatory action research (PAR): a research strategy for nursing?
  • L. Young
  • Business
    Western journal of nursing research
  • 2006
As an alternative to traditional social science, PAR breathes life into the research process by moving social inquiry from a linear cause and effect framework to a participatory framework that is embedded in the everyday experiential complexities of those for whom the research matters most.
Doing Participatory Action Research in a Racist World
  • C. Varcoe
  • Psychology, Sociology
    Western journal of nursing research
  • 2006
This exploration of the racial power dynamics in a participatory action research project with women who had experienced intimate partner violence discusses the challenges inherent in doing
Ethical issues in participatory action research.
The ethical issues arising out of participatory action research (PAR) are described on the basis of both an empirical study and the research literature, and the ways to deal with these issues are discussed.
Enhancing lives through the development of a community-based participatory action research programme.
It is concluded that the cyclical processes inherent in PAR promote reflection and reconstruction of experiences that can lead to the enhancement of people's lives, either at an individual or community level, or both.
Handbook of action research
Introduction - Peter Reason and Hilary Bradbury Inquiry and Participation in Search of a World Worthy of Human Aspiration Theory and Practice - Bj[sl]orn Gustavsen The Mediating Discourse
Participatory Action Research as a Process and as a Goal
Participatory action research is presented as a social research method and process and as a goal that social research should always strive to achieve. After describing the key features and strengths
Doing a Doctorate Using a Participatory Action Research Framework in the Context of Community Health
  • M. Gibbon
  • Education
    Qualitative health research
  • 2002
The author expresses the view-point that it is essential for academic institutions to consider how to minimize obstacles for students to be able to engage in PAR in a meaningful way.
Observation in Political Research: A Qualitative Approach
Qualitative research in politics is predominantly interview-based. Observation is neglected as a research tool by political scientists. This article presents the case for using observation techniques
All You Need to Know about Action Research
The book is organized in seven logically sequenced parts. Part 1 details what the reader needs to know about what action research is all about and who is best poised to conduct action research. Part
Qualitative inquiry and research design: choosing among five traditions.
This book explores the philosophical underpinnings, history and key elements of five qualitative inquiry traditions: biography, phenomenology, grounded theory, ethnography and case study. John W