UK tornado climatology and the development of simple prediction tools

  title={UK tornado climatology and the development of simple prediction tools},
  author={J. Holden and Adrian Wright},
  journal={Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society},
  • J. Holden, A. Wright
  • Published 1 April 2004
  • Environmental Science
  • Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society
The principle features of tornado climatology in the UK are presented based on the 5‐year period from January 1995. Just over one third of reported tornadoes occurred in the south‐east region of England, and most tornado activity took place during the spring and summer while the least activity occurred during autumn. This was different to the seasonal distribution for the period from 1960 to 1989 when autumn had the greatest number of tornadoes. The reported tornado distribution was shown to be… 

Tornado Climatology of Poland

Very few studies on the occurrence of tornadoes in Poland have been performed and, therefore, their temporal and spatial variability have not been well understood. This article describes an updated

Climatology, Storm Morphologies, and Environments of Tornadoes in the British Isles: 1980-2012

AbstractA climatology is developed for tornadoes during 1980–2012 in the British Isles, defined in this article as England, Scotland, Wales, Northern Ireland, Republic of Ireland, Channel Islands,

Tornado Climatology of Finland

AbstractA tornado climatology for Finland is constructed from 1796 to 2007. The climatology consists of two datasets. A historical dataset (1796–1996) is largely constructed from newspaper archives

Tornadoes in Romania

The first tornado climatology for Romania is presented based on datasets attained from three periods between 1822 and 2013. The historical period (1822‐1944) contains 33 tornado reports originating

Reexamining the United Kingdom’s Greatest Tornado Outbreak: Forecasting the Limited Extent of Tornadoes along a Cold Front

On 23 November 1981, a strong cold front swept across the United Kingdom,producing tornadoes from the west to the east coasts. An extensive campaign to collect tornado reports by the Tornado and

Spatiotemporal variability of tornadoes in the Czech Lands, 1801–2017

Tornadoes are severe, small-scale weather phenomena that may cause loss of human lives and give rise to great material damage on a local (regional) scale. Because of their limited spatial extent,

Re-examining the U.K.’s Greatest Tornado Outbreak: Forecasting the Limited Extent of Tornadoes along a Cold Front

AbstractOn 23 November 1981, a strong cold front swept across the United Kingdom, producing tornadoes from the west to the east coasts. An extensive campaign to collect tornado reports by the Tornado

Exploring Spatial Patterns of Virginia Tornadoes Using Kernel Density and Space-Time Cube Analysis (1960-2019)

This study evaluates the spatial-temporal patterns in Virginia tornadoes using the National Weather Service Storm Prediction Center’s Severe Weather GIS (SVRGIS) database to identify significant, non-random clusters of tornado activity and increasing temporal frequency.

Cold season tornadoes in Bulgaria – brief analysis

From the beginning of 21st century 58 confirmed cases of tornadoes and waterspouts were registered in Bulgaria. In the list of documented tornadoes there are 5 “winter” cases which occurred within



A Baseline Climatology of Sounding-Derived Supercell and Tornado Forecast Parameters

Abstract All of the 0000 UTC soundings from the United States made during the year 1992 that have nonzero convective available potential energy (CAPE) are examined. Soundings are classified as being

On the Absence of Population Bias in the Tornado Climatology of Southwestern Ontario

Abstract Rural population densities and tornado incidence (confirmed and probable categories) are compared for noncoastal regions in the southwestern Ontario peninsula. No apparent relationship is

Autumnal funnel clouds over west Hampshire: A precursor to wintertime tornadoes

recently received data. I am grateful to the Centre for Climate Prediction and Research at the UK Meteorological Office and to the Climatic Research Unit at the University of East Angha for helping

Back to basics: The tornado, Nature's most violent wind: Part 2 — Formation and current research

This second article in the series continues our discussion of tornadoes. Part 1 (Snow and Wyatt 1997) characterised tornadoes, provided information about structure and wind speed, and argued that

Streamwise Vorticity: The Origin of Updraft Rotation in Supercell Storms

Abstract Linear (small amplitude) theory of shallow, inviscid, isentropic convection in a dry, unstably stratified, nonrotating atmosphere is used to investigate the rotational characteristics of an

The Tornado : its structure, dynamics, prediction, and hazards

In undergoing this life, many people always try to do and get the best. New knowledge, experience, lesson, and everything that can improve the life will be done. However, many people sometimes feel

The Population of Britain in the 1990s: A Social and Economic Atlas

This book provides an up-to-date picture of Britain in the 1990s and graphically demonstrates the major changes that have taken place in recent years. It is made up of entirely new material compiled

Hook Echoes and Rear-Flank Downdrafts: A Review

Abstract Nearly 50 years of observations of hook echoes and their associated rear-flank downdrafts (RFDs) are reviewed. Relevant theoretical and numerical simulation results also are discussed. For