U.S. Public Views about COVID-19 "Immunity Passports"

  title={U.S. Public Views about COVID-19 "Immunity Passports"},
  author={Mark A. Hall and David M. Studdert},
Importance: Discovery of effective vaccines and increased confidence that infection confers extended protection against COVID-19 have renewed discussion of using immunity certificates or "passports" to selectively reduce ongoing public health restrictions. Objective: To determine public views regarding government and private conferral of immunity privileges. Design and Setting: U.S. national on-line survey fielded in June 2020. Participants were randomly asked about either government "passports… 

Passport to a Mighty Nation: Exploring Sociocultural Foundation of Chinese Public’s Attitude to COVID-19 Vaccine Certificates

Findings reveal a collectivism-oriented attitude of the Chinese public towards the proposal to certify vaccination publicly, and factors contributing to their viewpoints are examined.

Depolarizing the COVID-19 Vaccine Passport

An online experiment is carried out to investigate whether flagging that vaccine passports are not a novel idea can increase the support for the COVID-19 vaccine passports and suggest that the status quo bias can be an effective tool to depolarize a clearly identifiable set of issues.

COVID-19 immunity (or vaccine) passports: a documentary overview and analysis of regimes of health verification within the coronavirus pandemic

Light is shed on what immunity passports reveal about the complicated and contested intersections of identity, documentation, public health and socio-political control and discipline in the expanding interdisciplinary literature on COVID-19 immunity passports.

Ethical Attitudes toward COVID-19 Passports: Evidences from Spain

This research studies the impact of ethical judgments on user attitudes toward using vaccine passports based on a Multidimensional Ethics Scale (MES) that contains five ethical constructs: moral equity, relativism, egoism, utilitarianism, and contractualism.

COVID-19 vaccine uptake and attitudes towards mandates in a nationally representative U.S. sample

Public health campaigns should target attitudes that appear to drive hesitancy and prepare for varying mandate support based on demographics, COVID-19 vaccine attitudes, and the scope of the mandate.

Why one size fits all is not enough when designing immunity certificates for domestic use: a UK wide cross-sectional online survey

The findings of this survey suggest that there is not one size fits all solution for designing immunity certificates, and any attempt to implement these for domestic use should be tailored to different settings and user needs.

Why ‘one size fits all’ is not enough when designing COVID-19 immunity certificates for domestic use: a UK-wide cross-sectional online survey

The findings of this survey suggest that there is not one-size-fits-all solution for designing immunity certificates, and any attempt to implement these for domestic use should be tailored to different settings and user needs.

Perceptions of immunity and vaccination certificates among the general population of Geneva, Switzerland.

This large population-based study showed that the general adult population in Geneva, Switzerland, agreed with the implementation of vaccination certificates in work-related and travel-related contexts, however, this solution was perceived as unnecessary for access to large gatherings or social venues, or to share the same workspace.

Factors associated with the opposition to COVID-19 vaccination certificates: A multi-country observational study from Asia

Vaccination passports: Challenges for a future of air transportation



The Ethics of COVID-19 Immunity-Based Licenses ("Immunity Passports").

This Viewpoint presents a framework for analyzing the ethics of immunity licenses and suggests that immunity licenses should be compared to the alternatives of enforcing strict public health restrictions for many months or permitting activities that could spread infection, both of which exacerbate inequalities and impose serious burdens.

Privileges and Immunity Certification During the COVID-19 Pandemic.

As the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) crisis enters its next phase, attention turns to the widespread testing programs needed to resume and maintain normal life activities, and the coming surge in availability of antibody tests will meet huge demand.

Public acceptance of privacy-encroaching policies to address the COVID-19 pandemic in the United Kingdom

The results of two large surveys in the United Kingdom are reported that probe people’s attitudes towards various tracking technologies and find considerable support overall for immunity passports, although around 20% of the public strongly oppose passports.

Use of Rapid Online Surveys to Assess People's Perceptions During Infectious Disease Outbreaks: A Cross-sectional Survey on COVID-19

The findings from this online survey could guide information campaigns by public health authorities, clinicians, and the media as an important tool in tracking the public’s knowledge and misperceptions during rapidly moving infectious disease outbreaks.

Estimated incidence of COVID-19 illness and hospitalization — United States, February–September, 2020

  • Heather ReeseA. Iuliano C. Reed
  • Medicine
    Clinical infectious diseases : an official publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
  • 2020
Preliminary estimates of the cumulative incidence SARS-CoV-2 infections, symptomatic illnesses, and hospitalizations in the U.S. population from February 27–September 30, 2020 help demonstrate the societal and healthcare burdens of the COVID-19 pandemic and can help inform resource allocation and mitigation planning.

Robust neutralizing antibodies to SARS-CoV-2 infection persist for months

The vast majority of infected individuals with mild-to-moderate COVID-19 experience robust immunoglobulin G antibody responses against the viral spike protein, and titers are relatively stable for at least a period of about 5 months and that anti-spike binding titers significantly correlate with neutralization of authentic SARS-CoV-2.

Disease Control, Civil Liberties, and Mass Testing - Calibrating Restrictions during the Covid-19 Pandemic.

Disease Control, Civil Liberties, and Mass Testing There is emerging consensus that a graduated approach to Covid-19–related restrictive measures will be needed. Decisions to continue, modify, or l...

Ten reasons why immunity passports are a bad idea

This paper presents a case for and against restricting movement on the basis of biology in the context of human rights, democracy and public health.

Seroprevalence of anti‐SARS‐CoV‐2 antibodies in COVID‐19 patients and healthy volunteers up to 6 months post disease onset

This work quantified IgM, IgG, and IgA antibodies recognizing the SARS‐CoV‐2 receptor‐binding domain (RBD) or the Spike (S) protein over a period of 6 months following COVID‐19 onset and highlights a continued level of circulating neutralising antibodies in most people with confirmed Sars‐Co V‐2.