U.S. Perceptions of the Communist Threat in Iran during the Mossadegh Era

  title={U.S. Perceptions of the Communist Threat in Iran during the Mossadegh Era},
  author={Mark J. Gasiorowski},
  journal={Journal of Cold War Studies},
  • M. Gasiorowski
  • Published 1 August 2019
  • Political Science
  • Journal of Cold War Studies
Most studies of the coup d’état in Iran in August 1953—a coup backed by U.S. and British intelligence agencies—attribute it at least partly to U.S. concerns about the threat of a Communist takeover in Iran. This article examines the evidence available to U.S. officials about the nature of the Communist threat in Iran prior to the coup, in the form of reports, analyses, and policy papers written on this subject at the time by U.S. officials. The documentation reveals that U.S. policymakers did… 

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53; and U.S. Department of State, Policy Planning Staff

  • Control of Armed Forces of Iran, M-175

Tudeh Front Organizations

  • Probable Developments in Iran in 1952 in the Absence of an Oil Settlement, NIE-46
  • 1951

The CIA reported that pro-government demonstrators on 21 July numbered only 10,000-20,000 and Tudeh demonstrators numbered 50,000-100,000. See CIA

  • 50. Tehran Embassy Dispatch

RG 84, UD2738, Box 56; and Tehran Embassy Dispatch 1062

  • Anti-TCI Disturbances