U.S. Environmental Policy and Politics: From the 1960s to the 1990s

  title={U.S. Environmental Policy and Politics: From the 1960s to the 1990s},
  author={Michael E. Kraft},
  journal={Journal of Policy History},
  pages={17 - 42}
  • M. Kraft
  • Published 1 January 2000
  • Political Science
  • Journal of Policy History
Environmental policy and politics in the United States have changed dramatically over the past three decades. What began in the late 1960s as an heroic effort by an incipient environmental movement to conserve dwindling natural resources and prevent further deterioration of the air, water, and land has been transformed over more than three decades into an extraordinarily complex, diverse, and often controversial array of environmental policies. Those policies occupy a continuing position of… 
The Trump Administration and environmental policy: Reagan redux?
  • J. Hejny
  • Political Science
    Journal of Environmental Studies and Sciences
  • 2018
Since assuming office, President Trump has initiated a broad rollback of President Obama’s environmental policies. Political commentators have already drawn comparisons between the Reagan and Trump
Defeating Kyoto: The conservative movement's impact on U.S. climate change policy
In this article, we argue that a major reason the United States failed to ratify the Kyoto Protocol to ameliorate global warming is the opposition of the American conservative movement, a key segment
Earth Day and Its Precursors: Continuity and Change in the Evolution of Midtwentieth-Century U.S. Environmental Policy
Earth Day 1970's legacy overshadows two earlier events resulting in popular misconceptions about U.S. environmental politics: that environmental policy began with Earth Day and that Congress and the
From Conservation to Environment: The Sierra Club and the Organizational Politics of Change
  • M. Young
  • Political Science
    Studies in American Political Development
  • 2008
In the 1950s, the Sierra Club emerged as a leader of the nascent environmental movement. In challenging a proposal to build two dams within the boundaries of Dinosaur National Monument, the Club
Coastal Oil Pollution, Spills, Crisis, and Policy Change
The federal government's adoption of the Oil Pollution Act of 1990 represented a radical statutory departure from past policy. Coastal oil spill control provisions that had languished for decades
Local Growth Coalitions and Air Pollution Controls: The Ecological Modernization of the US in Historical Perspective
Historians and political scientists have emphasized middle-class groups and reformers as the key factors in the initiation of US clean air policies. Utilizing a historical approach, however, I argue
Prescribed Burns in California: A Historical Case Study of the Integration of Scientific Research and Policy
Over the past century, scientific understanding of prescribed burns in California’s forests transitioned from being interpreted as ecologically harmful to highly beneficial. The state’s prescribed
Endogeneity and Environmental Policy: How Local Institutions Structure Local Demand
Abstract One of the central themes of local government in a federalist system is the concept of nested institutions, where local governments operate within an environment of constrained policy
The Battle of Montreal: Neo-Conservative vs Regulatory Nationalism
The essay discusses the negotiations of the Montreal Protocol of 1987 by the Reagan administration, arguing that the protocol served as a tool to export and impose a level of environmental protection


The Politics of Regulatory Change: A Tale of Two Agencies
The past two decades have seen remarkable change in American regulatory politics. In the 1960s and 1970s, the activities of public interest movements prompted a dramatic and far-reaching expansion in
Environmental politics and policy
Available this summer in its eighth edition, Rosenbaum s classic, comprehensive text once more provides definitive coverage of environmental politics and policy, lively case material, and a balanced
Environmental policy in the 1980s: Reagan's new agenda
Seventeen environmental experts explore the major changes in environmental policy that took place during the first three years of the Reagan presidency. By focusing on the process the administration
Toward Sustainable Communities: Transition and Transformations in Environmental Policy
This book reviews and assesses environmental policy over the past three decades--primarily in the United States but with implications for other nations. The editors place U.S. environmental policy
Agendas and instability in American politics
When "Agendas and Instability in American Politics" appeared fifteen years ago, offering a profoundly original account of how policy issues rise and fall on the national agenda, the "Journal of
The Dimensions of Federalism: State Governments and Pollution Control Policies
The resurgence of state involvement in policymaking in recent years has renewed a long-standing debate about the most effective role for states within a federal system of government. In The
Environmental Federalism at Decade's End: New Approaches and Strategies
This article examines several recent trends in environmental policy that may have important effects over the next decade on federal-state relations and on the nation's environmental quality. It
This new edition puts 25 years of environmental policy development in context by examining the institutional framework for making policy, the role of environmentalism and public opinion in shaping
The Politics of Ecosystem Management
Within the professions of environmental and natural resource management, the late 1980s and early 1990s witnessed the emergence of a new concept—ecosystem management. The concept was part rhetoric,
Environmental Policy: New Directions for the Twenty-First Century
Scholars of environmental policy, policy in general, and political science examine some of the most important developments in environmental policy and politics since the 1960s and central issues of