U.S. City Finances and the Growth of Government, 1850–1902

@article{Legler1988USCF,
  title={U.S. City Finances and the Growth of Government, 1850–1902},
  author={John B. Legler and Richard Eugene Sylla and John Joseph Wallis},
  journal={The Journal of Economic History},
  year={1988},
  volume={48},
  pages={347 - 356}
}
In terms of revenues and expenditures, local government was the largest component of the U.S. federal system in 1902. Although it has been conjectured that this was also true during most of the nineteenth century, the evidence to support the conjecture is weak. We present a summary of a large sample of data for individual cities in 1850, 1860, and 1870, and link it to census data for 1880, 1890, and 1902.We study effects of city size and geographical location, and trends over time in city… 

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References

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To derive the local column, we subtracted State from State and Local

  • The deflation procedure is described in fn. 8. Sources: Federal and State and Local columns are derived from data reported in Bankers Magazine (Feb. 1876), p. 617, and the census reports cited in fn. 5, as are the 1870, 1880, 1890, and 1902 data in the State column. For 1850 and 1860, we derived sta
  • 1977

These estimates, which are weighted by state population, are yet unpublished, but an idea of the nature of our on-going project can be obtained by referring to two published papers: Richard Sylla

  • Banks and State Public Finance in the New Republic: The United States