Typology of male-to-female transsexualism

  title={Typology of male-to-female transsexualism},
  author={Ray Blanchard},
  journal={Archives of Sexual Behavior},
  • R. Blanchard
  • Published 1 June 1985
  • Psychology
  • Archives of Sexual Behavior
This study tested a prediction derived from the hypothesis that asexual and bisexual transsexualism are actually subtypes of heterosexual transsexualism. Two questionnaire scales measuring erotic attraction to males and females were administered to 163 male-to-female transsexuals. A cluster analysis of their scores divided the subjects into four groups: heterosexual, homosexual, bisexual, and asexual. Fisher Exact tests were used to compare the frequency with which subjects in the four clusters… 
Heterosexual and homosexual gender dysphoria
Why more males than females complain of dissatisfaction with their anatomical sex (gender dysphoria) is investigated, and it is suggested that males are differentially susceptible to one of the predisposing conditions, namely, fetishistic transvestism.
Transsexual subtypes: Clinical and theoretical significance
Gender-Related Traits in Transsexuals and Nontranssexuals
  • R. Lippa
  • Psychology
    Archives of sexual behavior
  • 2001
Using comparison data from past research, M- to-F transsexuals were quite similar to gay men on all gender-related traits except self-ascribed femininity, but F-to-M transsexualswere considerably more masculine than lesbian women on allGender-related trait except for instrumentality and expressiveness.
Masculinity, Femininity, and Transsexualism
The study revealed that transsexualism does not imply a simple inversion of sex-role patterns: transsexuals differ not only from nontranssexual individuals of the same anatomical sex but also from those of the opposite sex.
Male-to-Female Transsexuals’ Impressions of Blanchard's Autogynephilia Theory
ABSTRACT Ray Blanchard presented a theory of male-to-female (MtF) transsexualism based on a typology, classifying MtF transsexuals as autogynephilic or homosexual. This theory has produced much
Clinical patterns among male transsexual candidates with erotic interest in males
Male-to-female transsexuals who reported an erotic interest in males showed different patterns of sexual activity and displayed more masculinity in development and more evidence of emotional disturbance.
Proportion of Unmarried Siblings of Homosexual and Non Homosexual Gender-Dysphoric Patients*
Logistic regression showed that the brothers of the homosexual male patients were significantly less likely to have been married, either legally or common-law, than thebrothers of the other gender-dysphoric groups, even with age and relative birth order taken into account.
Biodemographic comparisons of homosexual and heterosexual men in the kinsey interview data
Results extended previous findings that, compared with heterosexual controls, homosexual men have a later birth order, an earlier onset of puberty, and a lower body weight.
A Further Assessment of Blanchard’s Typology of Homosexual Versus Non-Homosexual or Autogynephilic Gender Dysphoria
It is concluded that homosexual versus non-homosexual sexual orientation is a dominant and etiologically significant axis for evaluating and understanding this population of male-to-female transgender persons and age and ethnicity were found to be statistically significant predictors of transvestic fetishism.
Changes in the Sexual Orientation of Six Heterosexual Male-to-Female Transsexuals
Six heterosexual male-to-female transsexual respondents reported that their sexual orientation had changed since transitioning from male to female, and it did not appear that the respondents' post-transitional sexual attractions towards males were similar to autogynephilic images and fantasies described by Blanchard (1991).


A typology of transsexualism: Gender identity theory and data
  • P. Bentler
  • Psychology
    Archives of sexual behavior
  • 1976
An analysis of postoperative data obtained from 42 male-to-female transsexuals showed them to fall into three distinct categories: homosexual transsexuals, asexualsexuals, and heterosexual transsexuals; an extensive developmental theory is suggested to account for both differences and commonalities.
Two Clinically Discrete Syndromes of Transsexualism
It was found that those who had experienced fetishistic arousal were significantly more likely to be older, to have experienced heterosexual intercourse, to be married and to show penile responses to pictures of men and women indicative of a more heterosexual orientation.
Two types of cross-gender identity
A revision of the typology of male cross-gender identity was carried out by means of formalized, easily replicable methods. The results suggest (1) that there are two discrete types of cross-gender
Social desirability response set and systematic distortion in the self-report of adult male gender patients
This study showed that the “socially desirable” presentation for a heterosexual male gender dysphoric is one that emphasizes traits and behaviors characteristic of “classic” transsexualism, and suggested caution in interpreting the self-report data that have been used in comparing them.
Cross-Gender Identity in a Broader Context
This chapter is a review of clinical and experimental studies that may suggest questions useful in research on the etiology of cross-gender identity (which is here conceived as an extreme form of
Three clinically discrete categories of fetishistic transvestism
Significantly more of the self-identified transsexuals in comparison to the marginal transvestites showed homosexual interest, felt like a woman when nude, and had lived for the previous 6 months continuously as a woman.
The transsexual syndrome in males. II. Secondary transsexualism.
Secondary transsexualism is defined as transsexualism developing in homosexuals and transvestites regressively under conditions of stress. Secondary transsexuals, homosexual and transvestitic, are ...
Research Methods for the Typological Study of Gender Disorders in Males
Adult male gender patients present with such diverse signs and symptoms that one cannot assume that they are all suffering from the same disorder or that they will all respond optimally to the same
The Approval Motive: Studies in Evaluative Dependence
The authors explore the social-desirability response set--a type of habitual response preference identifiable in personality testing. The intuitive plausibility of this test response distortion led